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Describe several ways in which a scientific law differs

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci ISBN: 9780132064521 175

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General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition

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General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition | ISBN: 9780132064521 | Authors: Ralph Petrucci

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications | 10th Edition

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Problem 4

Describe several ways in which a scientific law differs from a legislative law.

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Social Psychology Monday, Feb 22  Inconsistent behaviors and beliefs o Dissonance  When our beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors feel inconsistent o Cognitive Dissonance theory (Leon Festinger)  We are motivated to maintain consistency between beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors  Taking office supplies  Attiutdes about school  Smoking  Festinger and Carlsmith (1959) o Peg­turning study  How enjoyable was the peg turning task (it’s painfully boring)  ­3 (not at all enjoyable) to +3 (very enjoyable)  $20 for lying to upcoming participants by saying it was exciting vs $1 for lying to participants by saying it was exciting  People who got paid a dollar rated it as more enjoyable. Their motivation to remove dissonance was higher. The people who got $20 had a better justification for lying and so they were more honest after about how they felt.  People convince themselves they enjoyed the task  Reducing the dissonance o Change behavior o Change attitude/belief o Add consonant (consistent) thoughts o Trivialize the behavior o Ex. Smoking, eating meat, a strong belief in a just world, hazing rituals  Other implications o Learning from and correcting our mistakes o If we avoid thinking about dissonance and discomfort from our mistakes, we can’t learn from them.  Eliot  cognitive dissonance  self­justification o Uncomfortable feeling when opposing beliefs clash o We don’t comfortably live with dissonance o It is most painful when opposing beliefs clash within you o We all want to believe we are good, kind, smart, competent people o Want to dismiss contrary and opposing evidence o How do learn from MY mistake o People spend a lot of emotional energy protecting their ego Wednesday, Feb 24  Fear Appeals o Advertisements use fear in one of two different ways. o Targeting a particular demographic and telling them they are at risk. o By arousing fear – the general intention is to cause fear in anyone who sees it. o Low threat ads  frying pan and eggs is your brain on drugs  Low threat means low fear. o High Threat Ad  High threat, leads to fear, leads to defensiveness, directly affecting our psychological immune system.  Our natural reaction to fear is to reject it. So an ad maker needs to capture people’s attention with fear / threat and then provide a solution for how to get rid of the fear.  Transportation o Changing attitudes by telling stories to get people to change their attitudes to be consistent with the story. (The little engine that could. You identify with the character and realize what they went through. o Some people have transported more than others. (Some are easier persuaded than others.) o But if you can target a more specific audience and identify within them, then its more affective. o Fictional stories can be just as persuasive as real stories.  Transportation in advertising o Advertisers try to transport customers.  Lifestyle Ads o Suggesting that a product will make your life like the people’s in the ad. It is selling a lifestyle and the ad may have nothing to do with the product. No class Friday

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Textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications
Edition: 10
Author: Ralph Petrucci
ISBN: 9780132064521

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780132064521. The answer to “Describe several ways in which a scientific law differs from a legislative law.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 13 words. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 28 chapters, and 3268 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 4 from chapter: 1 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 12/23/17, 04:52PM. Since the solution to 4 from 1 chapter was answered, more than 263 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications, edition: 10.

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Describe several ways in which a scientific law differs