Briefly describe each of the following ideas or phenomena: (a) the periodic law; (b) ionization energy; (c) electron affinity; (d) paramagnetism.
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2 LawofThermodynamics This law was based on two observation: 1. Heat flows from hot to cold spontaneously. a. If there is work, then cold can flow to hot. 2. Work can be converted to heat completely but heat can’t completely be converted to work. a. The reverse process can never be observed because a hot object can never spontaneously cool down by converting its internal energy into work. So, the object that moved will not move back to its original position (spontaneously). Now applying these two observation to gas molecules, the gas molecules, initially grouped together, would “disperse” spontaneously. This is so because energy and matter has the tendency to “disperse” which this energy dispersal is sometimes called a “degradat
Textbook: General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications
Author: Ralph Petrucci
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