What is meant by the term lower in energy? Which is lower in energy, a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gases or liquid water? How do you know? Which of the two is more stable? How do you know?
Chem 222 notes Week 11 The entropy of a solid is less than the entropy of a liquid, which is much less than the entropy of a gas. A gas has very, very high entropy. If the change in entropy is positive, the system is becoming more disordered. If the change in entropy is negative, the system is becoming more ordered. A positive ΔS means that more disorder has been added to the system. A negative ΔS means that disorder has been lost (the system has become more ordered). Entropy can be calculated by: S=k∗ln (W) Here, k is a constant. W is the number of microstates of a system. As W increases, so does entropy. To illustrate: I have two pairs of shoes at school with me. I’m not the most organized person and my shoes tend to get strung out all over the room, but since I only have four