As in Exercises 3.6, for some problems you will find it essential to have a calculator or computer available.† For Problems 1–17, note whether or not is bounded.
Chemical Reactions. The reaction between nitrous oxide and oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide is given by the balanced chemical equation 2NO + O2 = 2NO2. At high temperatures the dependence of the rate of this reaction on the concentrations of NO, O2, and NO2 is complicated. However, at 25ºC the rate at which NO2 is formed obeys the law of mass action and is given by the rate equation
Where x (t) denotes the concentration of NO2 at time t, k is the rate constant, α is the initial concentration of NO, and β is the initial concentration of O2. At 25ºC, the constant k is 7.13 X 103 (liter)2/(mole)2(second). Let α = 0.0010 mole/L, β = 0.0041 mole/L, And x (0) = 0 mole/L. Use the fourth-order Runge– Kutta algorithm to approximate x (10). For a tolerance of E = 0.000001, use a stopping procedure based on the relative error.
Step 1 :
In this problem we have to find the value of using fourth order R-K method.
Where , and
Hence equation become
At then find x(10).
Step 2 :
Step 3 :
Put the values and