×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemical Principles - 8 Edition - Chapter 15 - Problem 15.1
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemical Principles - 8 Edition - Chapter 15 - Problem 15.1

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

Consider the simple reaction aA 8n products. You run this

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl ISBN: 9781305581982 176

Solution for problem 15.1 Chapter 15

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

  • Textbook Solutions
  • 2901 Step-by-step solutions solved by professors and subject experts
  • Get 24/7 help from StudySoup virtual teaching assistants
Chemical Principles | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9781305581982 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Chemical Principles | 8th Edition

4 5 1 432 Reviews
10
4
Problem 15.1

Consider the simple reaction aA 8n products. You run this reaction and wish to determine its order. What if you made a graph of reaction rate versus time? Could you use this to determine the order? Sketch plots of rate versus time for the reaction assuming that the order is zero, first, or second order. Sketch these plots on the same graph and compare them. Defend your answer.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Devan Atteberry 4/8/2016 Chem 312 Week #2: Functional Groups and Resonance Functional Groups Carboxylic acid Random, carbon double bonded to oxygen, oxygen, hydrogen (COOH) - Tends to be acidic Ester Random, carbon double bonded to oxygen, oxygen, carbon (COOC) - Common in natural compounds - Can be fragrant Ketone carbon double bonded to oxygen, carbon Aldehyde Random, carbon double bonded to oxygen, hydrogen Amide Random, carbon double bonded to oxygen, nitrogen Alcohol Carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen Amine Carbon, nitrogen - Can have more than one carbon as long as it isn’t double bonded to oxygen - Tends to be basic (proton acceptor) Alkene carbon double bonded to carbon Alkyne carbon triple bonded to carbon Alkane carbon single bonded to other carbons Strengths of Acids - Values of pKa less than zero indicate a strong acid - Oxygen will always have a charge if bonded to more than two elements - When oxygen only has two bonds it is neutral - In an equilibrium reaction you go from stronger acid to lesser acid o Favor the products  Keq greater than 1  Product less acidic than reactants Rationalizing Acid Base Trends (1) Inductive Effect - chlorine is more electronegative than carbon which induces a dipole thus making the OH bond weaker and less polar which increases the acidity - resonance (2) Hyrbridization - Sp3 < Sp2< Sp more acidic (3) H-bonding (intramolecular) Resonance - Multiple ways to represent exact same molecule, but not exactly precise - General trends of resonance o (1) lone pair next to a pi bond o (2) pi bond next to pi bond o (3) Empty P-orbital next to pi bond o (4) Empty P-orbital next to lonepair - Only really be considered about resonance when lone pair is involved - Trigonal parametal = 3 bonds plus a lone pair - There is no need to worry about resonance when there are Pi bonds connected to the element in question

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 15, Problem 15.1 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Chemical Principles
Edition: 8
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781305581982

Other solutions

People also purchased

Related chapters

Unlock Textbook Solution

Enter your email below to unlock your verified solution to:

Consider the simple reaction aA 8n products. You run this