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Solved: In 8592, expressions that occur in calculus are

Algebra and Trigonometry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780321716569 | Authors: Michael Sullivan ISBN: 9780321716569 181

Solution for problem 89 Chapter R.7

Algebra and Trigonometry | 9th Edition

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Algebra and Trigonometry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780321716569 | Authors: Michael Sullivan

Algebra and Trigonometry | 9th Edition

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Problem 89

In 8592, expressions that occur in calculus are given. Reduce each expression to lowest terms.13x + 12 # 2x - x2 # 3 13x + 122

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Study Guide: CLD 300 (Exam 2) 1. Why is a formal organization a system Formal organization is a fixed set of rules of intra-organization procedures and structures. As such, it is usually set out in writing, with a language of rules that ostensibly leave little discretion for interpretation. (schools, churches, courts, companies/corporate systems) 2. Why is recognizing an organization’s system necessary for organizational change Organizations are complex—cannot deal with JUST ONE part for change. The whole system must change, not just one part of it. If we changed part of the system, is the system really changed 3. What are parts of an organizational system Behind every great company, division, or team is a great organizational structure -- a structure tailored to a company's, division's, or team's goals, and one that helps employees understand how they fit into the bigger picture. Chain of Command -> CEO, Managers, Specialists (traditional organization- hierarchy: planning, managing, controlling [many governments fall under this]) 4. What makes the Toyota system different from traditional manufacturing systems in the U.S. Essentially, lean is centered on making obvious what adds value by reducing everything else. Lean manufacturing is a management philosophy derived mostly from the Toyota Production System – Open sysytem 5. According to systems theory, why do companies fail in changing economic time Insanity is doing something over and over and expecting a different result. Change is tough for big companies, especially matching the fast paced technology changes 6. Why is a systems approach an advantage to organization who manager want to change the organization Each part is distinct, but form a complex system. Faced with many of the same demands, such as cutbacks in funding, escalating costs, competition for limited resources, and a demand for higher-quality outcomes, these organizations have all felt the pressure to operate more effectively. The old paradigms simply are not working anymore. Transformation into a new style of management is required. 7. What have some high tech companies done to change their organizational models compared to traditional companies Places like Facebook, Google, and Apple are moving away from traditional ways of work and to a “less structured” style of work  no structured work hours, no “offices”, gym next door. 8. Why can systems theory be applied at a community level Systems Theory explains human behavior as the intersection of the influences of multiple interrelated systems. Even for individual issues, families, organizations, societies, and other systems are inherently involved and must be considered when attempting to understand and assist the individual. According to this theory, all systems are interrelated parts constituting an ordered whole and each subsystem influences other parts of the whole. 9. What are some examples of community systems University, educational systems, government, families, “Soccer Moms” 10. Give an example of a formal community systems and an informal community system. Formal Communities: Universities, educational systems in general, government, healthcare systems, religious systems, economic systems Informal Communities: Class/social-economic status (family ties), families, leadership structures, “Soccer Moms” 11. Why are power and decision making important community systems The issue of community participation is now an established principle when one considers issues dealing with decision-making to achieve sustainable development . Advocates for participation note that policy and development which adopt a bottom-up framework where local communities are actively involved in decision- making, better facilitate the achievement of target objectives. 12. Using a systems theory explanation, why do some community development efforts fail By definition, the critical characteristics of community development are associated with notions of self-help and participatory democracy, types of technical assistance, type of conflict leading communities to become more diverse. 13. Briefly describe why the three types of community development can each benefit from using a systems approach. Geographic communities: However, to be a "real" community, residents must feel a sense of belonging and hold at least some values and symbols in common. Communities of interest: Members of these communities choose to associate with each on the basis of a common interest. Sometimes communities are formed by self-identified members of a reference group based on characteristics outside of their control, e.g. a disability, ethnic group, or low income, which give them a sense of common identity and shared concerns. Virtual communities: are groups of people that primarily interact via communication media rather than face to face. Online communities are social aggregations that emerge from the Net when people carry on those public discussions long enough, with sufficient human feeling, to form webs of personal relationships 14. What is the basic premise of social constructionism Social phenomena, consciousness, ideas, interactions, facts, all developed in social contexts. Nothing inherent in situation or objects in themselves 15. How is knowledge formed, according to social constructionist All knowledge – even stuff we take for granted – comes from social interaction Example: As a child, your family had rules – you took for granted – then you learned other family’s rules and compare  Moral beliefs, religious concepts, etc. 16. How does interaction determine facts in society, according to social constructionism We construct scientific facts, we construct EVERYTHING (extremists). The interactions we have given structure to our beliefs, creating the facts. 17. How can gender be a social construction How can gender NOT be a social construction Gender can be said (especially from a linguist’s POV) a socially constructed concept. Which leads to non-binary categories (gay, travesti, bi-sexual). We treat boys and girls differently from the moment they are born. It is what it is. The physical appearance makes them what they are, male or female. It is even carried into the careers people go into (gender specific careers) 18. What is the difference between a “weak” social constructionist perspective and a “strong” social constructionist perspective Weak social constructionists perspective: can be facts beside social interaction or definition (examples include: money, language). Some groups use social constructionism as an excuse for change in society. Where there are scientific facts outside of interaction. And of course the social changes Strong social constructionists view EVERYTHING alines with theories of social constructionism. They interact to postmodern changes in such a way to say “There has been change, BUT it resulted of social changes 19. How do some leaders use social construction to achieve their objectives Leaders study the interaction patterns of others, but it limits potential action options; conceptualizes leadership as a quality of observers. But when a crisis occurs the successful leader must become decisive, demonstrate a ruthless ability to focus on the problem and to ignore the siren calls of the sceptics and the cynics. 20. Describe how social construction was applied to one of the case examples in the Grint article. (Brent Spar Oil Buoy, Cuban missile Crisis, War on Terror in Iraq) War on Terrorism in Iraq: it can be read as evidence that terrorism was already there and thus needed to be stamped out, or that whatever the origins it is now a significant danger and needs resolving. Indeed, one might wonder whether the War on Terror has already begun to replicate George Orwell’s 1984 where ‘endless war’ leads to endless effort towards inevitable victory. In the words of Ben Johnson commenting on the Bush re-election in November 2004, ‘The American people have given George Bush an unprecedented mandate to win the war on terrorism’. 21. What is the basic premise of Social Constructionism theory Examines the development of jointly constructed understandings. One person’s understanding shapes ANOTHERS persons understanding through interaction, making each person’s reality unique. 22. How does the McCabe article on eating disorders websites explain the use of internet interaction in social constructionists terms The Internet provides the context in which persuasive messages can reach a large group and where one can be part of a community while maintaining anonymity. Virtually, individuals are able to engage others in what would be otherwise considered socially unacceptable conversation while maintaining a high level of anonymity. People with an eating disorder are consistently faced with situations in which they are defined as abnormal 23. What is the basic premise of symbolic convergence theory (a form of social constructionism) The meaning comes from interactions with others, more on an individual level. It is how the individual assess, interprets, interacts in social situations 24. What is the basic premise(s) of symbolic interaction theory (Blumer) Human beings act. Meaning is derived from arises out of the social interaction one has with others. Meanings are handled and modified, interpreted, and used in other situations (Turner) 1. Social activity constrained by social structures and regulated by culture. 2. Learn “conventional gestures” 3. Individuals learn to “role take” 4. Capacity of the “mind” – alternative actions and likely consequences 5. Self-images and self- concept from situations 6. Dimensions of self-concepts: core identity, social identities, group identities, role identity 7. Individuals determine with identity is present 8. Identities are either verified or not verified in that situation 9. Verified or not verified determines a persons’ commitment to others and that situation 10. Patterns of social organization and culture are created, sustained, or changed by individual by interaction patterns 25. What is the “role take” in symbolic interaction theory See/understand the roles of others 26. What is the basic premise of critical theory It is the examination and critique of society and cultures. Being a more social science approach, using entrapment, dominance, and dependence. It has a critical of the prevailing view on the society 27. Give an example of critical theory. Looking at/Questioning the beliefs that favor certain people (like rich, white men). Poor children go to more poorly funded schools, this effects the school and education with the lessened chance of having good technology or better teachers. 28. Give an example of how a critical theory approach has been used in the US in the past 50 years. In the 2008 elections, the Democrats expanded their majorities in the Congress, and won the Presidency decisively. This was due to the momentum carried over from the Democrats' 2006 successes, as well as the continued unpopularity of President George W. Bush, whose administration was now faced with a financial crisis and economic recession. Some people believe that 2008 is possibly a realigning election with a long-lasting impact, just as the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt was in 1932 and the election of Ronald Reagan in 1980 were 29. What can literary criticism tell us about culture This is the knowledge via interpretation. For example, The Hunger Game books. Criticizing the haves and have-nots, with a big obsession of youth and reality TV. It analyzes and understands the literature for “truths” that exist in society. 30. How is the term “democracy” used in critical theory perspective Adorno and Horkheimer, worked on their collective book, Dialectic of Enlightenment, which discussed how reason and enlightenment in the contemporary era turned into their opposites, transforming what promised to be instruments of truth and liberation into tools of domination. In their scenario, science and technology had created horrific tools of destruction and death, culture was commodified into products of a mass-produced culture industry, and democracy terminated into fascism, in which masses chose despotic and demagogic rulers. (WWII) 31. How can any theoretical approach be considered critical Critical theorist LOOK for opportunities to interact: justice, democratic deliberation, public opinion, communication process (how do we get the information Social medias, begging the question, has tech helped or hurt  it has made it much more segmented) 32. How are the terms democratic deliberation and public opinion included in critical theory Politics: Range of opinions on immigration issues  compromise involved  result 33. Why is communication a major process for critical approach (how do we get the information Social medias, begging the question, has tech helped or hurt  it has made it much more segmented) 34. How does the modern trend of globalization make a critical theory approach more difficult Makes critical theory more difficult because the criticism may come from outside. The different viewpoints conflict –other societies don’t place values on the same things. 35. Is there still a “need” for a critical theory examination of society today Take with a grain of salt, because the of the globalization of today’s society. Theorists and researchers working in this tradition align themselves with the interests of those opposed to dominant order of society. They ask questions about the ways in which competing interests clash and the manner in which conflicts are resolved in favor of particular groups. In this regard, critical social science is economic and political in nature. Of course, much of it concerns communication. A Critical Theory of communication (or economics or politics) is necessarily a critique of society as a whole

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Chapter R.7, Problem 89 is Solved
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Textbook: Algebra and Trigonometry
Edition: 9
Author: Michael Sullivan
ISBN: 9780321716569

This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 107 chapters, and 8650 solutions. Since the solution to 89 from R.7 chapter was answered, more than 239 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 89 from chapter: R.7 was answered by , our top Math solution expert on 12/23/17, 05:02PM. The answer to “In 8592, expressions that occur in calculus are given. Reduce each expression to lowest terms.13x + 12 # 2x - x2 # 3 13x + 122” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 26 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Algebra and Trigonometry, edition: 9. Algebra and Trigonometry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321716569.

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Solved: In 8592, expressions that occur in calculus are