Limiting Reactants (Section)
The fizz produced when an Alka-Seltzer tablet is dissolved in water is due to the reaction between sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and citric acid (H3C6H5O7):
In a certain experiment 1.00 g of sodium bicarbonate and 1.00 g of citric acid are allowed to react.: (a) Which is the limiting reactant? (b) How many grams of carbon dioxide form? (c) How many grams of the excess reactant remain after the limiting reactant is completely consumed?
Organic Chemistry 1, Prof. Strongin, CH 334 section 1, Fall 2017 Chapter 8: Alkanes and an Introduction to the IUPAC Nomenclature rules The general molecular formula for an acyclic alkane is CnH2n+2 For cyclic alkane the general formula is CnH2n The generic term for alkanes when they are substituents is “alkyl”. The carbon that is directly attached to the parent structure is always #1 carbon Propyl is attached to primary carbon Isopropyl is attached to a secondary carbon, but iso is typically used rather than sec if the substituent splits at the end Naming Structures: 1) Identify all substituents 2) Number their attached carbon on the parent chain 3) Alphabetize the substituents and write the name