×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry - 7 Edition - Chapter 1 - Problem 35
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry - 7 Edition - Chapter 1 - Problem 35

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

Solved: Perform each of the following conversions. a. 8.43

Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl ISBN: 9780618528448 174

Solution for problem 35 Chapter 1

Chemistry | 7th Edition

  • Textbook Solutions
  • 2901 Step-by-step solutions solved by professors and subject experts
  • Get 24/7 help from StudySoup virtual teaching assistants
Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Chemistry | 7th Edition

4 5 1 243 Reviews
10
2
Problem 35

Perform each of the following conversions. a. 8.43 cm to millimeters b. 2.41 _ 102 cm to meters c. 294.5 nm to centimeters d. 1.445 _ 104 m to kilometers e. 235.3 m to millimeters f. 903.3 nm to micrometers

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Bureaucracy • Ahierarchicallystructuredorganization • Functionsofgovernmentbureaucracy o Primarilyresponsibleforimplementinglegislativechoices • Characteristics o Hierarchy:aclearchainofcommandexists o Specialization:dividingtaskstobehandledbyexperts o Professionalism:staff(bureaucrats)areprofessionals,notelectedofficials o “redtape”:complexproceduresandadministrativerules • HistoryandOrganization o EarlyAmerica(1789-1828) § Nocareerpublicservants § Staffedbyamateurs § AndrewJackson:dismissednearlyentirebureaucracyfilledwith appointeesopposedtoDemocraticPartypolicies • Spoilssystem:basedonthenotionofpatronage o CivilServiceReform § Motivationsforreform • Corruption,inefficiency,andgreedinthebureaucracy • TheassassinationofPresidentGarfieldbyadisgruntledjobseeker § Ex:ThePendletonAct • Firststepstoabureaucracythattodayislesspoliticalandmore professional o Organization: § Cabinetdepartments:primarydivisionamongthefederalbureaucracy § Managedbyacabinetsecretarywithseverallevelsofundersecretaries • Presidenthascompletediscretiontohireandfiresecretaries § Varybysizeandfunction o Inadditiontodepartments,bureaucraciescanbeorganizedinanumberof differentways § Independentagencies:governmentorganizationswithnarrowpolicy focusandindependencefromdepartments • Ex:FederalElectionCommission,SocialSecurityAdministration § Governmentcorporations:companiescreatedandownedbyCongress • Ex:postalservice,Amtrak § Independentregulatoryboards:organizationsthatregulatespecific industriesorservices • Ex:FederalCommunicationsCommission,FoodandDrug Administration • GrowthoftheFederalBureaucracy o Past: § 1989:3departments(state,war,treasury)with50totalemployees § 1929:shareofGDPwas11% o Today: § 15departmentswithatotalof2.7millionemployees(notcounting military) § ShareofGDPexceeds35% • The“IronTriangle” CongressionalCommittees TheBureaucracy InterestGroups TheResponsibilitiesofCongress • Congresshasdividedresponsibilities o Policymaking:responsibilityofCongresstocreatepoliciesthatgoverntheUS o Representation:responsibilityofCongresstorepresenttheirconstituents Article1oftheConstitution • Brokeninto4parts o Sections1-7:TheOperationsofCongress o Section8:TheEnumeratedPowersofCongress o Section9:TheLimitsofCongressionalPower o Section10:TheLimitsofStatePower TheOrganizationofCongress • DefiningfeatureofCongress:it’sorganization o Mostclearlystructuredofallthreepoliticalbranches • Organizationisbasedprimarilyontwofactors: o Politicalparty:usedtodeterminetheleadershippositionsofbothHousesand Committees § Majorityparty:partywithamajorityoftheseatsinthelegislativebody § Minorityparty:allotherparties o Thecommitteesystem:systemofsmallgroupsdesignedtomakeCongressmore efficientincreatingpolicy • TheHouseofRepresentatives o 435members,representationbasedonpopulationofstate o Reelectedevery2years o SpeakerofHouse:mostimportantpersoninCongress § Responsibilities:appointingmemberstojointandconference committees,schedulinglegislationforaction,referringbillstocommittee § Historically,averypowerfulposition • Mostimportantpower:theabilitytoscheduleflooractionon legislation o Majority/Minorityleader § Electedbypartytoactasthespokesperson § FrequentlyworkwithmembersofgovernmentnotinCongress o Majority/MinorityWhip § Assistpartyleadersbypassinginformationfromleadershipto membership § Putspressureonmemberstovoteasleadershipbelievestheyshould • TheSenate o 100members,2perstate o Reelectedevery4years o ThepresidentoftheSenate § ConstitutionspecifiesVicePresidentpresidesovertheSenateandcasts tie-breakingvotes • Nottrueinpractice o PresidentProTempore:normallythelongestservingmemberofthemajority party § Aceremonialposition o Majority/MinorityLeader § SimilartothoseintheHouse,havetherighttoberecognizedfirstinfloor debate o Majority/MinorityWhip § SimilartothoseintheHouse o Unlimiteddebate § Filibuster:continuestalkingbecausetheydon’twantabillpassed(can readthephonebook,bible,etc.) § Waytoendafilibuster:acloture • Requires60votestoendthedebate TheCommitteeSystem • Congressdoesmostofitsworkonlegislationthroughcommittees o Since1980,some8000billshavebeenintroducedinCongress o Only15%areevervotedonbyallmembers § Mostdieincommittee • Standingcommittees o HavefixedmembershipsandpersistfromoneCongresstoanother o HouseofRep:rulescommittee,appropriations(spendingmoney),waysand means(raisingmoney/taxes) o Senate:appropriations,commerce,foreignrelations • Selectcommittees o Temporarycommitteescreatedtodealwithspecificissues § Ex:HouseSelectCommitteeonAssassinationsin1976 • Jointcommittees o Retainmembershipfrombothhouses • Conferencecommittees o CreatedtomakesimilarbillspassedinbothHouseandSenateidentical

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 1, Problem 35 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9780618528448

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 7. Since the solution to 35 from 1 chapter was answered, more than 318 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 22 chapters, and 2481 solutions. The answer to “Perform each of the following conversions. a. 8.43 cm to millimeters b. 2.41 _ 102 cm to meters c. 294.5 nm to centimeters d. 1.445 _ 104 m to kilometers e. 235.3 m to millimeters f. 903.3 nm to micrometers” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 40 words. Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780618528448. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 35 from chapter: 1 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 12/23/17, 04:50PM.

Other solutions

People also purchased

Related chapters

Unlock Textbook Solution

Enter your email below to unlock your verified solution to:

Solved: Perform each of the following conversions. a. 8.43