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Considering your answer to Exercise 65, which type of

Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl ISBN: 9780618528448 174

Solution for problem 66 Chapter 3

Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Problem 66

Considering your answer to Exercise 65, which type of formula, empirical or molecular, can be obtained from elemental analysis that gives percent composition?

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Exam 4: April 11, 2016 1 The Russian Revolutions of 1917  Conditions/problems on the Eastern Front. o The lack of weapons was the major problem for the Russian Army.  1 in 3 soldiers did not have a rifle.  The Russians had ¼ the artillery of the Germans.  Pounded by the German army.  2 million Russian soldiers were killed.  4­6 million Russian soldiers were wounded or captured.  The February Revolution. o 10,000 women in Petrograd held a demonstration. o Shops and factories closed down. o Transportation had stopped running.  What Is To Be Done o The revolution in Russia will be led by a small party of professional revolutionaries.  Lenin’s campaign for supporters. o “Peace, Land, Bread, Now”. o Workers will have control of industry.  Leon Trotsky and the Red Guard. o The revolution in Russia will be led by a small party of professional revolutionaries. o Led the October Revolution. o Training for the siege of ower.  The October Revolution. o The Bolshevik seizure of power. o Took over communication centers in Petrograd.  Important developments after the October Revolution. o Peace treaty signed with Germany. o Civil War 1918­1921. o Lenin’s death and Stalin’s rise to power.  Fate of Nicholas II and his family. o Execution.  Lenin’s “Testament”. o Wanted someone else in his place besides Stalin. o Not endorsing Stalin as his successor. o Was not made public until 1958.  Stalin’s falsification of photographs. o Made a lot of “fake” photos to achieve his end. o Became a trend in altering photographs to alter records. Stalin’s “Revolution from Above”  Five Year Plans. o Wanted rapid industrialization in a short amount of time. o High goals to project targets.  Conditions of everyday life for industrial workers. o Food rationing. o Consumer goods were in short supply.  Clothes.  Shoes.  Home goods. o Very little emphasis placed on consumer goods.  Stalin’s industrial development: the view from below. Exam 4: April 11, 2016 2 o Loaded the working class with socialist competition, shock work, over­fulfilling the industrial and financial plan, and so forth. o Toils seven hours not leaving his post. o Sits in endless meetings or classes for 1 ½­ 2 hours in order to increase his skill level.  Collectivization of agriculture. o Transform from an agricultural for a greater output for the land.  Feed industrial workers.  Export grain in order to obtain equipment. o Order peasants.  Give up their private land and their livestock.  Relocated. o Collective farms.  Transformed private agriculture into small state­run collective farms.  People were set on farms to meet quotas.  Complete in most areas of the Soviet Union.  Kulaks. o Peasants who resisted collectivization. o Burnt their fields and killed their livestock in order to resist the Soviet Union.  Famine 1932­3. o Claimed about 3­5 million lives. o Let nature run its course and let people die.  The Great Terror. o Campaign to purge people who were enemy of the people.  Essential to the success of the country.  People from all rules of life were considered and enemy. o Nearly 1 million people killed.  1.5 million people sent to labor camps.  Propaganda—A.O. Advienko. o Everything he is and everything he has is because of Stalin. o Stalin is the new God in the Soviet Union. o Be willing to work hard and sacrifice for Stalin. o Paintings.  The “Cut of Stalin”.  Stakhanovites. o Make people work harder for their goods. o “Heroes of labor”. The Nazi State  Hitler’s economic programs. o Enabling Act.  Granted Hitler ultimate power for 4 years.  4 year plan turned into a 12 year dictatorship. o Public work projects.  Batted unemployment.  Built up construction.  Autobahm.  Engineers and workers would find jobs easily.  Hitler Youth. o Get the ready for their future roles in the army.  Military instruction. o Males age 10­18. Exam 4: April 11, 2016 3  League of German Girls. o Females ages 10­18. o Breeding program where the girls would have a relationships with the S.S. officers. o Gave a gift of pure Aryan race to the German population. o Defy social convention to please Hitler.  Nazi ideology and school materials. o Anti­Semitism.  Heinrich Himmler and the Lebensborn. o Head of the S.S. and Gestapo Chief of police. o Pregnant young women were able to liv there and get the proper nutrition and housing they needed before they gave birth.  Marriage loan scheme. o A German couple could apply for an interest­free loan of 1,000 Reichmarks. o The future wife has to be employed and must leave her job upon marriage. o ¼ of the loan would be paid for 1 child. o ½ of the loan would be paid for 2 children. o 1/3 of the loan would be paid for 3 children. o The entire loan would be paid for 4 children.  Honor Cross of the German Mother. o Acknowledgement of the mother’s contribution to the state with a medal. o In the city, 745 women received the medal.  Brought 7,372 children into Germany.  Sterilization program. o Anyone is hereditarily ill within the meaning of this law who suffers from one of the following illnesses cannot have children:  Congenital feeble­mindedness.  Schizophrenia.  Manic depression.  Hereditary epilepsy.  Huntington’s chorea.  Hereditary blindness.  Hereditary deafness.  Serious physical deformities.  Chronic alcoholism. o Nearly 320,000 people had been sterilized. Anti­Semitism in Nazi Germany  Anti­Semitism in Europe. o Barrage of propaganda against Jews, blamed for all the troubles of modernity, from socialism, to international banks and mass culture.  Score of books.  Pamphlets.  Magazines. o Violent assaults on Jewish communities.  April boycott. o People across Germany were encouraged to not buy from Jewish shops and businesses. o Hitler tried to hurt the Jews economically. o Deprive the Jewish people of earning a livelihood.  Exclusionary laws of 1933. o Excluded Jewish people from working in civil services, legal professions, judgeships, medical professions, teaching professions, cultural and entertainment enterprise, and the press. Exam 4: April 11, 2016 4  Reich Citizenship Law. o Stripped the Jewish people of their citizenship, rights and privileges.  Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honor. o Prohibited marriage and sexual relations between Jews and Germans.  “The Night of Broken Glass”. o Destruction of Jewish businesses, synagogues, and homes.  700 businesses destroyed.  About 100 Jewish people were killed.  Marta Appel’s account. o Social death before physical death. Hitler’s Foreign Policy  Hitler’s violations of the Treaty of Versailles. o Expand the size of the German army, build an air force, and build up the navy. o German rearmament.  Anglo­German. o Germany could build up its navy, but limit the size of the navy. o Beginning of the British policy of appeasement. o Made negotiations and concessions with Hitler to keep the peace in Europe and avoid a war.  Treaty appeasement. o Did not want another WWI. o Some people believed that the Treaty of Versailles was too harsh and Germany had legitimate grievances to redress. o Some people believed that a strong Germany would stop the spread of communism in Europe.  Neville Chamberlain. o Wanted to avoid a repetition of the Great War in Europe.  Munich Conference. o Diplomatic victory. o Determined the fate of Sudetenland.  David Low. o Important early political cartoonist.  Winston Churchill. o Presence of a disaster of the first magnitude.  Pact of Steel. o Mutual aid in the event of a war.  Nonaggression Pact. o The Soviet Union would stay neutral in the event of a war.

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Chapter 3, Problem 66 is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9780618528448

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