Choose the best response for the following. The ionization energy for the chlorine atom is equal in magnitude to the electron affinity for a. the Cl atom. b. the Cl_ ion. c. the Cl_ ion. d. the F atom. e. none of these. Explain each choice. Justify your choice, and for the choices you did not select, explain what is incorrect about them.
Molecularity CH1010 Week 1 and 2 Notes States of Matter: Everything in the universe that has mass is considered to be matter. There are 3 different states of matter: ● Solid: defined shape and defined volume (Example: a rock) ● Liquid: defined volume but a shape defined by its container (Example: water) ● Gas: undefined volume and undefined shape (Example: oxygen) According to the atomic theory, all matter is composed of atoms. Molecules are groups of atoms held together by forces called chemical bonds. Matter can change from one physical state to another: ● Freezing describes liquid → solid ● Melting describes solid → liquid ● Boiling desc