(II) Estimate the number of dentists (a) in San Franciscoand (b) in your town or city.
IMPERIAL CHINA –WORLD CIVILIZATIONS Quin Emperor Era of the Warring States: during Zhou dynasty. Effective central government control became nonexistent. Long period of intraChinese struggle. Until 220 BCE. Quin Dynasty: succeeded Zhou rule. Adopted Legalist doctrines. Unified the country with military force and administrative reorganization. The king, Shih Huangdi called First Emperor, ruled all of China for 11years. In 9years, the six largest states surrendered to Quin, and the country became unified. Expanded to north and south. Established Great Wall to keep Mongolian invaders out. Engaged in torture and harsh treatment. Burning of the books: eradicate Confucius philosophy. Shih Huangdi died and his son became his successor. Due to heavy taxation and unrest, the son was overthrown. Han Dynasty Greatly expanded Chinese borders. Trade extended to India, Persia and Mediterranean. Became controlling factor in military, political and commercial life. Han Synthesis: oversaw by Wudi. New, imperial Confucian ideology and blended three systems of thought. Legalist obedience owed by the people. More information of ancient China is kept than any other ancient world because scripts are kept. Mathematics, geography and astronomy led to innovations like the compass, papermaking and block printing. Acupuncture was used. Production of silk, bronze work, jade figurines, fine ceramics and other arts during this time. Canals and roads were built. Large cities and markets came into existence. Government officials were chosen through written examinations, but to take the final exam the candidates had to take other tests. Meritocracy: bring the best to the service. China set missions to contact the Romans for trade, but they had little interest. The emperor was killed before meeting his goals. Result = chaos; Later Han Dynasty, it broke down into anarchy. The conflict resulted in a political division. North dominated by kingdom of Wei and South, the dividing line being the Yangzi River. Tang Dynasty The Sui dynasty went through authoritarian reforms. Declined because of invasion and rebellion. Tang dynasty succeeded; economically improved lives. Recreated a bureaucracy based on Confucian ethics and the merit system. An imperial university helped students get through examinations. Vietnamese resisted Chinese attempts to colonize them The capital, Changan, became one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world. In the 700’s, the entire country was in war and bloody anarchy resulted in the ninth century and divided country. The educated Chinese favored the idea of a single government, disliked division. Buddhism and Culture Buddhism was greatest foreign cultural influence. Appealed to the Chinese. A reaction against it was a political power phenomenon. Tang Dynasty exploited nativist sentiment against the religion. NeoConfucians insisted that all must partake of social life. Thought formal education in morals, art and science was necessary. An educated and powerful man was to have skill in paining and music. 221 – 206 BCE Qin Dynasty 202 BCE – 220 CE Han Dynasty 220 – 580 CE China divided 580 – 618 CE Sui Dynasty reunifies China 618 – 907 CE Tang Dynasty