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Solved: Agent Bond is standing on a bridge, 13 m above the

Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780133942651 | Authors: Randall D. Knight (Professor Emeritus) ISBN: 9780133942651 188

Solution for problem 89 Chapter 2

Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics | 4th Edition

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Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780133942651 | Authors: Randall D. Knight (Professor Emeritus)

Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics | 4th Edition

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Problem 89

Agent Bond is standing on a bridge, 13 m above the roadbelow, and his pursuers are getting too close for comfort. Hespots a flatbed truck approaching at 25m/s, which hemeasures by knowing that the telephone poles the truck ispassing are 25 m apart in this country. The bed of the truckis 1.5 m above the road, and Bond quickly calculates howmany poles away the truck should be when he jumps downfrom the bridge onto the truck, making his getaway. Howmany poles is it?

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Chapter 4: Federal Income Taxes  Why do we pay income taxes o Help fund national, state, and local efforts  Running the government  Roads, bridges, schools, libraries  National defense  Police/fire departments  Government programs o Want to maximize you after tax income  Marginal vs Average Tax rates o US uses a progressive tax system  Tax rate goes up as income goes up o Everyone starts out paying the same rate o Marginal tax rate = taxes owed on the next dollar earned o Average tax rate = total taxes/ taxable income  Take-home pay o Gross income minus  Federal income taxes withheld  State income taxes withheld  FICA:7.65% o Filling out a W-4 form  More exemptions you list, less income tax withheld  Fill out when you start job  Make changes later  General Info o Determine if you have to file:  Single, not dependent (gross income is over 10,300)  Dependent (unearned income greater than 1,00 or earned income greater than 6.300) o Determine which file to use  1040EZ, 1040A, 1040  The “Theory” of Income taxes o Look at IRS Form 1040  Address and personal info  Filing status  Exemptions  Income  Adjustments to income  Taxes and tax credits  Other taxes  Payments  Refunds/ amount owed  Address and Personal Info o Use IRS labels if possible o Name and Address o SSN o State income tax forms  Filing Status o Single o Married, filing jointly o Married, filing separately o Head of household with dependents o Qualifying widower with dependent children  Exemptions o An allowance for you and your dependents  4,000 per exemption o Claim yourself  Unless you’re a dependent under your parents o Claim your spouse and dependents  Dependents are qualifying child or relative  Under 19; under 24 AND full time student  Any age if permanently disabled  Didn’t pay more than ½ of own support for the year  Lived with you for at least ½ the year (time at college counts)  Income o List your gross income for the year by source  Support with w-2 o Wages, salaries, tips o Interest earned- taxable and tax- exempt  Schedule b o Dividends- ordinary, qualified  Schedule b o Business or farm income  Schedule c or f o Capital gain/loss from sale of assets  Schedule d o IRA distributions, pensions, unemployment o Other income  Adjustments o Reduce total income  Total Income – Adjustments = Adjusted Gross Income  AGI o Main adjustments for students/ graduates  Moving expenses (job-related)  Self – employment items  ½ SE tax, retirement contributions, health ins premiums  Traditional IRA contributions  Student loan interest payments (up to 2500)  Tuition and fees deductions (up to 4000)  Tax and credits o Standard deduction vs itemized deduction  Reduces taxable income  Use larger of the two o Standard deduction = 6,300 for singles  12,600 for married/joint o Itemized deductions  Use Schedule A o Itemizable Expenses  Medical and dental expenses (only amount over 10% AGI)  State and Local income taxes or sales tax  Real estate and personal property taxes  Interest paid  Gifts to charity  Casualty and theft losses  Unreimbursed job expenses o Deductions for exemptions  4,000 per exemption o Taxable income o Tax o Alternative Minimum Tax o Tax Credits  Directly reduce your tax liability o Child/elder care o Education credits  American Opportunity Credit  Up to 2500 per students  Only for the first 4 years of higher education  Lifetime up to 2,00 per return  Can’t use if you claim tuition/fee adjustment  Can’t use if you’re a dependent  Other taxes o Primarily self-employment taxes  Schedule SE o Add to your income taxes to get Total Tax  Payments o All tax payments made during the year o Income tax withheld (w-2) o Estimated tax payments  Primarily for businesses o Earned income credit  For low-income family o Add to get total payments  Refund/Amount Owed o If Total Payments > Total Tax means Refund  Otherwise you owe more income taxes o Can receive refund directly into bank account  Legally Reducing Your Taxes o Reduce your taxable income  Make retirement contributions o Increase your adjustments  Make traditional IRA contributions  Roth for students  Student loan interest, moving expenses, etc. o Standard vs Itemized deductions  Take the larger of the two  For most students use standards o Increase itemized deductions  House-related deductions  Mortgage interest, property taxes  Incure medical expenses in the same year  All elective surgeries in the same year  Increase charitable donations o Use any tax credits that might help  Education credits, child/elder care, etc o Qualified dividends  Hold stocks at least 60 days o Tax-exepmt ncome  Municipal bonds

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Chapter 2, Problem 89 is Solved
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Textbook: Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics
Edition: 4
Author: Randall D. Knight (Professor Emeritus)
ISBN: 9780133942651

Since the solution to 89 from 2 chapter was answered, more than 262 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 89 from chapter: 2 was answered by , our top Physics solution expert on 12/27/17, 08:11PM. The answer to “Agent Bond is standing on a bridge, 13 m above the roadbelow, and his pursuers are getting too close for comfort. Hespots a flatbed truck approaching at 25m/s, which hemeasures by knowing that the telephone poles the truck ispassing are 25 m apart in this country. The bed of the truckis 1.5 m above the road, and Bond quickly calculates howmany poles away the truck should be when he jumps downfrom the bridge onto the truck, making his getaway. Howmany poles is it?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 83 words. Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780133942651. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 128 chapters, and 3923 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics, edition: 4.

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