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Refer to Exercise 8.1. ReferenceUsing the identity

Mathematical Statistics with Applications | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780495110811 | Authors: Dennis Wackerly; William Mendenhall; Richard L. Scheaffer ISBN: 9780495110811 47

Solution for problem 4E Chapter 8

Mathematical Statistics with Applications | 7th Edition

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Mathematical Statistics with Applications | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780495110811 | Authors: Dennis Wackerly; William Mendenhall; Richard L. Scheaffer

Mathematical Statistics with Applications | 7th Edition

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11
1
Problem 4E

Refer to Exercise 8.1.

Reference

Using the identity

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

MethodandTheoryinCulturalAnthropology • KeyQuestions: • Whereandhowdoculturalanthropologistsdofieldwork • Whataresomeofthewaysofstudyingmodernsocieties • Whattheorieshaveguidedculturalanthropologythroughtheyears • Ethnography: • FromtheGreek“folk”or“people” • Thescientificdescriptionofthecustomsofpeoplesandcultures • Textsanthropologistsproducearecalledethnographies § Ethnographers: • FranzBoas–KwakiutlEthnography • E.E.EvansPritchard–TheNuer • BronislawMalinowski–ArgonautsoftheWesternPacific • MargaretMead–ComingofAgeinSamoa • Earlyanthropologistsand“disappearingcultures” • Focusedondocumentingexotic/primitivepeople • Armchairanthropologists § “Primitive”peoplewerebroughtto,forexample,theUSandtoldto“do theirculture”–livingexhibits • Theethnographicpresent • Peopledon’tdie/disappear–theychange • Changedbyincorporatingmoderniteams § Ex.cloth • BronislawMalinowskiandParticipantObservation • WesternPacific • Knownasoneoftheearliestadaptorsofparticipantobservation § Putselfincultureandfullyparticipatejustasmuch § CoveringceremonialtradeofgiftsinPapaNewGuinea • MargaretMead • StudyingSamoa,Bali,PapaNewGuinea • AdolescenceinSamoanculture • SexualfreedomofteenagerscomparedtosexualityinUSin1930’s • DoingEthnography • Fieldworkinaparticularculturalsetting • Livingamongstthepeopleanthropologistsseektounderstand • Traditionally: § Anthropologistsstudiedsmall-scalesocieties § Triedtounderstandthewholeofaculture,inaholisticfashion • Specificresearchquestion(s)inmind • Beliefsandpracticesinsocietyasawhole • Holistic • ContemporaryAnthropologists • Globalscale • Widerange • Sports,art,wastemanagement,globalcorporations,etc. § Movedawayfromtraditionalsmallscale“primitive”societies • Studysomethingclosertoourselves • ResearchMethodsinCulturalAnthropology • Participant-Observation § Ethnographersneedtopayattentiontothousandsofminutedetails • Bestwaystoliveitandobserve • Significantamountoftrustbetweenhostcommunityand anthropologists § Atleastoneyearwiththegrouptheyarestudying § Hostfamilies/groups § Ethnicallyimportantforgrouptoknowwhatyouaredoing • Ethicalclearances • Ethicsreviewpanel § NoweMiasto(NewCity) • CollectiveHouse–arepurposedthreefloorwarehouseinNew Orleansin2012 • Activist,radical,arts,music-basedcollectivelivingspace • “optimalsociety” • PatHuffofUGAlivedinthehouseandparticipatedinthe activitiesofthecollectiveduringfieldwork • ConversationandInterviewing § Conversations(lessstructured) § Interviews(morestructured) • Scheduledquestions § FocusGroup–talkingtotopeopleingroupsandlisteningtothemtalkto eachother–debates,conversations,etc. § AmberHuffofUGAconductsafocusgroupwithMikeamenin Madagascar • Surveys § Questionnaires:formsusedbyanthropologiststoobtaininformation fromrespondents § Mayallowyoutoreachmorepeople,butlowrateofreturn § Moreimpersonalthanface-to-facecontact • Individually: o Moreintimate,betterunderstanding • GenealogicalApproach § Usedtounderstandcurrentsocialrelationsandreconstructhistory § Collectdataonanextendedkinship § Especiallyusefulwherepeopleliveandworkwithfamily • LifeHistories § Oneindividualtounderstandthesocietythanone’sperspective § Howpeopleperceiveof,reactto,andcontributetochangesthataffect theirlives § Collectionofdataregardinghealth,dietandlivelihood § EmicvsEticperspectives • Criticaltoanthropologyandhowculturalanthropologists conceptualizetheworldviewsofthepeopletheyworkwith • Anemicaccountisadescriptionofabehaviororbeliefthat comesfromapersonwithintheculture(ME) • Aneticaccountisadescriptionofabehaviororbeliefbyan observerintermsthatcanbeappliedacrosscultures(THEM) • Combiningtheseperspectivesprovidesaricherpictureofa culturethancaneitheronealone • Problem-OrientedEthnography § Ethnographytoanswerresearchquestions § Asher:studiedhowhumansrespondtochangingenvironmentaland economicwaterandfoodchanges • Peoplehewasgoingtolivewithweredisplacedbymajorfloods– catastrophic • Helpedhimtoseehowtheirhydrationsystemchangedandhow theyrespondedtourgentproblems § Annie:studiedforestclassificationandgenderlivelihoodsinconservation effortsinVietnam • LongitudinalStudy § Long-termstudy,usuallybasedonrepeatedvisits • TeamResearch § Largeteamswhichfanoutacrossaregion • Multi-SitedResearch § Researchinmultipletimesandplacestowardacommongoal • EquipmentandRecordingMethods • Notebooks • Diaries • Voicerecorders • GlobalPositioningSystems(GPS) § Mapfieldsystems • GeographicInformationSystems(GIS) § Recordingandanalyzinganygeographicdata • AnalyzingData • Makesenseofwhatyoufind • Categorizingtodescribedifferentaspectsandfindings • EthicalPrinciplesfromtheAAA 1. DoNoHarm 2. Beopenandhonestregardingyourwork 3. Obtaininformedconsentandnecessarypermissions 4. Weighcompetingethicalobligationsduecollaboratorsandaffected parties 5. Makeyourresultsaccessible 6. Protectandpreserveyourrecords

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 8, Problem 4E is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Mathematical Statistics with Applications
Edition: 7
Author: Dennis Wackerly; William Mendenhall; Richard L. Scheaffer
ISBN: 9780495110811

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Refer to Exercise 8.1. ReferenceUsing the identity