Learning multiple languages is typically easier earlier in childhood than later in life. How does this fit with our understanding of neural development?
Monday, March 21, 2016 0321 Lecture Notes Matthew Arnold // “Dover Beach” & “Function of Criticism” I. Matthew Arnold (1822-1888) A. was the son of an education reformer, dad was a teacher at a very rich rugby school. 1. Father wanted the products of the rugby school to grow up to be good, concerned citizens. B. Embodied his father’s system 1. Attends the Rugby school from age 6, is the product of his father’s teachings 2. very focused on his appearance while at Oxford. Decides to coast through college and just has fun. C. was appointed Inspector of Schools 1. Is ﬁrst just a personal secretary after college. Works his way up to eventually Inspector of Schools. D. Published poetry until 1858 1. Very productive poet in the beginning of his career. in 1854 is given the position of Professor of Poetry at Oxford, and quickly stops writing E. Turned to critical prose ater 1858 1. sees the Victorian middle class as unintellectual, uncultured, and not reﬁned. He calls the philistines. 2. He dislikes them bc they set the tone for all of victorian society. He thinks this lowers the peoples aspirations. 3. Arnold is an Elitist- maybe liberal arts is not the best education for everyone Are liberal arts only posed by those who are considered privileged II. Themes in Arnold’s work: A. He defends culture against the philistines B. Poetry should inspire, instruct, delight 1 Monday, March 21, 2016 C. He thinks his poems don’t do that D. His speakers are isolated and alienated E. But this isolation allows for disinterest III. The Function of Criticism A. Arnold proposed that poets just combine current ideas B. Critics shape those ideas- the poet depends on what the critic does C. Critics aspire to disinterestedness- the critic just studies the world, he does not try to intervene in it. This is why you can trust the critic and allow them to teach us. 1. only has inﬂuence indirectly. IV. Dover Beach: A. free verse // he links sound and sense 2 Wednesday, March 23, 2016 0323 Lecture Notes The Man Who Would be King I. The British Empire in Victorian Age: A. Empire grows in two waves: 1600-1870; 1870-1900 1. First wave: (Anglophone) a) coastal and based on trade b) Ran by East India Company- a private monopoly 2. Second Wave: (Africa, India, southeast Asia) a) occupation and rule i. Did not start out with the mindset of colonizing into an empire, but rather with initial economic thoughts. Creating their own market. B. Empire made new markets, extracted resources C. Empire helps deﬁne Britishness against otherness 1. Edward Said’s Orientalism D. “ The White Man’s Burden”: you ‘civilize’ the world, at gunpoint, against the will of the colonized because, uhhh, reasons. II. The Man Who Would Be King A. The newspaper ofﬁce shows the limits of fact. B. Spaces of empire are spaces of tall tales C. Kaﬁristan is appealing because it’s unknown 1. The west knows nothing about it, that is why it is appealing to the men. Bc no-one knows what happens there, they have free reign to do what ever they want and no-one with know. D. The whole imperial project is lunacy 1 EN 206 Problem Set #7 PLEASE PUTANSWERS IN YOUR OWN WORDS! 1.The speaker of “Dover Beach” cries, “Ah, love, let us be true / To one another!” (29-30) just before announcing that “the world … Hath really neither joy, nor love” (30-33). How can these lines be read as something other than a contradiction Sarcastic or maybe even hopeful 2.In The Man Who Would be King, the narrator confronts Daniel Dravot, costumed as a priest and on horseback, ostensibly going to sell religious charms to theAmir. What does he find instead of whirligigs when he inspects Dravot’s merchandise What might Kipling suggest about the project of imperialism by highlighting this substitution guns; Maybe, just as in this scene literally, religion is being used as a cover to grown an empire through force and military conquest. 3.How much information about Kafiristan can Carnehan, Dravot, and the narrator gather from the maps and the reference materials They gather no information. 4.What causes the collapse of Dravot and Carnehan’s empire They people if Kafiristan realized that they were neither god nor devil so they took back their village.