What is the most important relationship among elements in the same group in the periodic table?
Philosophy 2010 / Study Guide for Quiz / 23 Mars, 2016 Death Nagel Deprivation Account of Death: death is bad because it deprives us of future pleasures Who is death “bad” for Before we die we do not feel death, and after we die we don’t Time before we existed = not scary Thus, time after we are dead should not be scary. If immortality (never being deprived of life) is best, we are doomed because we must die. Kagan If dying is bad because it takes life away…is immortality the best option Immortality is not a better option. We will accomplish all we want Eventually, we’ll want death Life will become boring, mundane. Existentialism Kierkegaard Objective truths: verifiable things in external world (backpack, objects, etc.) Subjective truths: how you relate to the truths you adopt You must believe in a way which impacts your life Passionate belief in wrong thing > bored belief in right thing Religion cannot be proved objectively true or false. It’s really the actions (if any) coming from your beliefs which matter, not the objective validity of your belief. Sartre Existence precedes essence Humans are born, THEN we each determine our individual purposes Objects are made for a specific purpose. Each of your decisions reflects upon what mankind can do and should be My decisions don’t just reflect upon me Since (his belief) there is no God, we are free to choose our own purpose instead of relying upon a preordained religious one. The Problem of Evil Mackie If God is all good and all powerful God should eliminate evil Evil exists Therefore, a good, allpowerful God does not exist. Swinburne (Free Will Defense) A good God would give us freedom and ability to impact the world Evil’s existence does not prove that a good, allpowerful God does not exist Moral evils: Evils done by human beings (lying, cheating, etc.) The result of human free will Natural evils: evils outside of human free will (natural disasters, etc). Allowed by God so that we can use our free will Allow us to develop qualities like sympathy, charity Allow us to develop cures and defenses Give us opportunity to use our free will in the right way Physical pain gives us option of complaining or enduring patiently, even. In order to give us “true” free will, God had to give us tendency towards evil. If we were neutral, we would always choose the good If we were good, we would not have free choice (would always choose good) Belief Clifford Wrong beliefs are bad to keep Will lead to wrong actions Will be passed on to newer generation It is always wrong for someone to believe something without sufficient evidence We have a duty to question our beliefs James People can have religious beliefs without being morally wrong Options (choices) To be genuine, options must… Be live: plausible to person they’re given to Be forced: there is no option C Be momentous: nonreversable, you will miss out if you choose incorrectly AND while you wait and have not decided You are never going to find absolute proof for religion Difference between James and Clifford Clifford: never believe anything without sufficient evidence James: in some cases, it is appropriate to believe/choose a belief without sufficient evidence because you could miss out if you do not choose.