Dental crown Uranium-234 is used to make dental crowns appear brighter. The alpha decay of uranium- 234 produces what isotope?
PY 372 Notes- Week 11 Reducing Prejudice: Promoting Racial Harmony in Class Jigsaw Classroom: divided into racially mixed groups and given test q’s o Result: Less prejudice Greater esteem More success Conflict & Cooperation A perceived incompatibility of actions or goals o Opposing sides see more conflict than is actually there Conflict is often made up Type of conflict social dilemmas Public goods dilemma: everyone must contribute to a common pool to maintain public good Commons dilemma: everyone takes from a common pool of goods which will replenish itself if used in moderation but will disappear if overused. -AGRESSION- **any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone or something TYPES: Hostile: driven by anger and performed as an end in itself Instrumental: means to achieve another goal Symbolic: does not involve physical harm but harms the victim through gossip, character assassination, damage to property or interference with progression toward a goal Sanctional: society finds acceptable/ mandatory WHY are people aggressive Nature and nurture Lorenz: aggression is an instinct that serves as a survival technique Freud: Hydraulic model- aggression builds with time o Catharsis: release aggression o Sublimination: channel aggression Frustration- Aggression Theory o Dollard: aggression is always the result of frustration REVISED: Cognitive Neoassociationist theory o People will have unpleasant experiences o Sense will be made o Feel emotion and act INSTINCT THEORIES-problems no strong evidence of build with time, cant account for cultural differences, human aggression can be controlled/ delayed BIOLOGICAL CAUSES: Brain Genetic Biochemical NURTURE (learning) Importance of learning: cultural differences- men in MW versus South Social Learning Theory Most aggressive responses are learned o Bandura: we learn aggressive behavior by observing and imitating o Bobo doll study Other evidence… watching violence does make people slightly more aggressive backed by correlation studies Leads to imitation Increase in arousal in viewers Desensitizes people through repeated exposure Inaccurate view of the world !!!What can be done to reduce violence Factors harsher laws, crime patrol, legalized abortion, aging population **Education addresses the image of toughness