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Solved: Natural selection changes allele frequencies

Biology | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780805368444 | Authors: Neil A. Campbell ISBN: 9780805368444 183

Solution for problem 3 Chapter Chapter 23

Biology | 8th Edition

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Biology | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780805368444 | Authors: Neil A. Campbell

Biology | 8th Edition

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Problem 3

Natural selection changes allele frequencies because some _--,---,-survive and reproduce more successfully than others. a. alleles c. gene pools e. individuals b. loci d. species

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Terms to Know  Homer o Greek epic poet authored lliad and odyssey o Lived around 850 BC or close to Trojan war  Heinrich Schliemann o German archeologist o Excavator of Homeric Troy and Mycenaean sites o Discovered Mask of Agamemnon/Priams Treasure/Treasury of Minyas/Dagger Blade With Lion Hunt  Arthur Evans o British archeologist o Unearthed great palace at Knossos in Crete and named civilization Minoan after King Minos  Tholos Tomb o AKA Beehive tomb o Structure is built in a way to resemble a beehive o Definition­ A small round building. Sometimes build into the ground as a Mycenaean tomb  Black Figure o The black­figure pottery (Greek, 'μελανόμορφα,melanomorpha) technique is a style of ancient Greek poetry painting in which the decoration appears as black silhouttes on a red background  Red Figure o Red­figure vase painting is one of the most important styles of figural Greek vase painting. It developed in Athens around 530 BC and remained in use until the late 3rd century BC. It replaced the previously dominant style of Black­figure vase painting within a few decades. Its modern name is based on the figural depictions in red colour on a black background, in contrast to the preceding black­figure style with black figures on a red background.  Phidias o Greek sculptor, painter, architect o Athena Promachos (the defender)465­455 BC/gold and ivory statue of Athena(Parthenon)/Zeus at Olympia/Statue of Aphrodite/In charge of rebuilding Acropolis/Marshals and Young Woman  Pericles o Statesman/General of Athens/Orator o Golden Age o Convinced Athenians To rebuild Acropolis and show Athenian values  Polycleitos o Called the elder he was a sculptor in the bronze age created new style called cannon o Spear bearer (doryphorus)/Diskophoros/  Praxiteles o Attic sculptor o Hermes Bearing the Infant Dionysus/Louvre Apollo Sauroctonos/ Aphrodite of Knidos/  Greek and Persian Wars  Euphronius o Ancient Greece painter and potter o Death of Sarpedeon  Exekias o Ancient Greece vase painter o Considered best of black figure style o Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game/Ajax Committing Suicide  Panatheniac Festival­ o Held every four years o Most important festival for Athens and one of the grandest in the entire ancient Greek world. Except for slaves, all inhabitants of the polis could take part in the festival o Celebrated birth of Athena o Scholars say Parthenon Frieze represents Panatheniac procession.  Peplos­ A peplos (Greek πέπλος) is a body­length Greek garment worn by women in the years before 500 BC. A cloth rectangle fastened on the shoulders and belted below the bust or at the waist.  Kore­ Greek statue of a young woman  Kouros­ Archaic statue of a young boy or man Architecural Terms Doric Order- In Doric temples, the columns have no base, but just sit right on the floor. At the top of the columns, there's a capital made of a sort of small pillow in stone, and then a square block, under the architrave. On the architrave, there are triglyphs and metopes Ionic­ Columns stand on a base which separates the shaft of the column from the stylobate or platform. Triglyph­ Triglyph is an architectural term for the vertically channeled tablets of the Doric frieze, so called because of the angular channels in them, two perfect and one divided, the two chamfered angles or hemiglyphs being reckoned as one. The square recessed spaces between the triglyphs on a Doric frieze are called metopes. Metope­ a metope (μετώπη) is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze, which is a decorative band of alternating triglyphs and metopes above the architrave of a building of the Doric order. Frieze­ In architecture the frieze is the wide central section part of an entablature and may be plain or – in the Ionic or Corinthian order – decorated with bas­reliefs. In interiors, the frieze of a room is the section of wall above the picture rail and under the crown moldings or cornice Capital­ The sculpted block that tops a column. Accordin to the coventions of the oreders, capitals include different decorative elements. Pediment­ A triangular pediment found over major architectural elements such as classical greek. Architrave­ The bottom element in an entablature, beneath the frieze and the cornice. Stylobate­ In classical architecture, the stone foundation on which a temple colonnade stands, top step Art Pieces Aegean Minoan  Palace Complex, Knossos (reconstruction) o City of Knossos, island of Crete o Central courtyard o Cardinal point (N, S, E, W) entrances o Large, complex palace o Stone with wooden parts o Palace of Minos Staircase  Reconstructed by Arthur Evans  Partially reconstructed  Peaceful people  Aquatic imagery  Very colorful  Bull Leaping  Partially reconstructed  Entertainment/ritual  Abundance of bull imagery  More movement of the human form  Tiny waist  Flowing hair Mycenaean o Tholos, Treasury of Atreus  Triangle, weight relieving door entrance  Ceiling technique – corbelling  The Lion Gate  Mycenae  Schliemann (man who discovered it)  Monumental gateway  Relieving triangle with lions  Minoan influence in the column tapering  Dagger Blade with Lion Hunt  Idea of warfare  Idea hierarchy  Mask of Agamemnon  Schliemann (man who discovered it)  Wealth and power of people in graves  Connection with Egyptians.  Covering the face with a mask when deceased  Chronology  Minoan  Mycenaean  Dark Ages  Geometric Period  Orientalizing Period  Archaic Period  Classical Period  Hellenistic Period  Begins with the death of Alexander the Great Greek Archaic  Funerary Vase (Krater) o Used as bowl for mixing wine and water o Used as grave marker o Geometric Period o Dipylon Cemetary, Athens  Temple of Artemis (reconstruction of the west façade) o Located on the Island of Korkyra (corfu) o Gorgon Medusa (pedimental sculpture)  Marble sculpture shows Medusa holding remains of a baby with two lions on each side of her.  Lord of evil to ward off evil  Treasury of the Siphnians, Delphi (reconstruction drawing) o Sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi o Scenes of the battle between gods and giants o Columns carved in the form of clothe women o Oracle  Anavysos Kouros o Grave Markers/Votive Offerings o Male Nude, frontal stiff, patterned hair o Cemetary at Anavysos, Athens  Peplos Kore o The Peplos Kore is a female figure taking her name from the heavy wool garment she wears over a chiton o Acropolis, Athens o Stiff smile, hint of form  Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game o Daily Life/Warfare o Competition o Trojan War o Exekias­author o Form follows shape of vase o Black figure  Herakles and Cereberus o Different color heads on cereberus o Person hiding in big vase  Death of Sarpedon o Son of Zeus o Death and Sleep carry him away while Hermes watches o Greek, Male, Nude o Attempt at foreshortening o Red Figure o Euphronius (painter) Euxitheos (potter) Classical  Spear Bearer (Doryphorus) o Tries to create perfect stature o Original made in bronze o Many Roman copies o Shift in weight o Tilted hips and shoulders o Polykleitos o Contrapposto  Diskobolos o Athletic sculpture o Tense muscles o Torso area o Passive face o Roman copy (original in bronze) o Myron  Atlas Bringing Herakles the Apples of Hesperides o Shows two male forms o Athena helping herakles hold up the sky o Tense muscles  Warrior A o Bronze o Found in water off coast of Italy o Turned head o Full sized bearded warrior o Also called Riace Warrior o Found by Stefano Mariottini  Parthenon, Acropolis o Idoric temple o Athens o Greek and Persian war o Temple of Athena o Replace old parthenon destoryed by persia in war  Parthenon (East Pediment) o Scene of the birth of Athena o Zeus headache he gets struck by Hephestus zeus head splits open and out comes Athena  Lapith Fighting a Centaur o Metope o Greeks vs Amazon o Gods vs Giants (gigantomachy) o South side of the Parthenon o Cape motion  Panatheniac Festival Procession o Represents parthenon frieze  Horsemen o Ionic frieze north side of the parthenon o Skilled riders managing powerful steeds o Representative types, ideal inhibatants of a successful city­state  Marshalls and Young Woman o Detail of the procession, Ionic frieze on east side of parthenon o Graceful but physically sturdy young walkers o Representative types, ideal inhibatants of a successful city­state  Presentation of the Peplos o Gods and Goddesses o East pediment Late Classical  Hermes and the Infant Dionysus o Praxticles o Temple of Hera at Olympia in 1875  The Man Scraping Himself (Apoxymenos) o Lysippos o Original in bronze o Represents athletes  Aphrodite of Melos o Also called Venus de Milo o Missing arms o Found on Island of Menos o Intended to recall the aphrodite of praxiteles Hellenistic  Great Alter of Zeus, Pergamon o Wonder of the World o Gigantomachy o Athena attacking the Giants  Nike of Samothrace o Found at Sanctuary of the great gods o Also called winged victory of samothrace  Laocoon o Scene of the Trojan war o He is the son of Acoetes o Narrates the Trojan War  Old Woman o Roman Copy

Step 2 of 3

Chapter Chapter 23, Problem 3 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Biology
Edition: 8
Author: Neil A. Campbell
ISBN: 9780805368444

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Biology, edition: 8. Biology was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780805368444. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 56 chapters, and 1405 solutions. Since the solution to 3 from Chapter 23 chapter was answered, more than 278 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 3 from chapter: Chapter 23 was answered by , our top Science solution expert on 12/23/17, 05:04PM. The answer to “Natural selection changes allele frequencies because some _--,---,-survive and reproduce more successfully than others. a. alleles c. gene pools e. individuals b. loci d. species” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 25 words.

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Solved: Natural selection changes allele frequencies