A nuclear fuel element of thickness 2L is covered with a steel cladding of thickness b. Heat generated within the nuclear fuel at a rate q . is removed by a fluid at T, which adjoins one surface and is characterized by a convection coefficient h. The other surface is well insulated, and the fuel and steel have thermal conductivities of k and ks, respectively. (a) Obtain an equation for the temperature distribution T(x) in the nuclear fuel. Express your results in terms of q . , k, L, b, ks, h, and T. (b) Sketch the temperature distribution T(x) for the entire system

CHAPTER 1 CONCEPT OF ENERGY Macroscopic: Things we can see - (Classical Thermodynamics) Microscopic: Statistical Thermodynamics – (Energy being quantized) A Microscopic amount of mass can present energy in the following forms: - Internal – internal structure - Kinetic Energy-Related to motion - Potential Energy-External forces acting on this mass - Rotational Energy-Rotational force TotalEnergy=I+KE+PE+ℜ=U+KE+PE+ℜ Dividingbymassgivesus:e=E /m=u+ke+pe+ℜ=u+1/2v +gh+1/2I ꙍ 2 ¿ Internal Energy (macroscale)-similar set of energies (associated with macroscale motion of individual molecules .U=U external molectranslatio∫molecule Where: U externalmoleculeermolecular forces (PE sum) U translationKE of molecule) U molecul