Saturated process steam at 1 atm is condensed in a shell-and-tube heat exchanger (one shell, two tube passes). Cooling water enters the tubes at 15C with an average velocity of 3.5 m/s. The tubes are thin walled and made of copper with a diameter of 14 mm and length of 0.5 m. The convective heat transfer coeffi- cient for condensation on the outer surface of the tubes is 21,800 W/m2 K. (a) Find the number of tubes/pass required to condense 2.3 kg/s of steam. (b) Find the outlet water temperature. (c) Find the maximum possible condensation rate that could be achieved with this heat exchanger using the same water flow rate and inlet temperature. (d) Using the heat transfer surface area found in part (a), plot the water outlet temperature and steam condensation rate for water mean velocities in the range from 1 to 5 m/s. Assume that the shell-side convection coefficient remains unchanged.
6.0: Storage Management. Since main memory is usually too small to accommodate all the data and programs permanently, the computer system must provide secondary storage to back up main memory. Modern computer systems use disks as the primary on-line storage medium for information (both programs and data). The file system provides the mechanism for on-line storage of and access to both data and programs residing on the disks. A file is a collection of related information defined by its creator. The files are mapped by the operating system onto physical devices. Files are normally organized into directories for ease of use. The devices that attach to a computer vary in many aspects. Some devices transfer a character or a block of characters at a time. Some can be accessed only sequentiall