In Exercises 15 to 26, graph y as a function of x by finding the slope and y-intercept of each line. y = -x
Jessica Criollo COMM 215 – Communications and Ethics Elizabeth Lozano Quiz #1 1) In Communication Ethics Literacy: Dialogue and Difference, Arnett et al. gives various examples of what the good could be considered. While Arnett et al proposes that the good may vary for every person, overall the good is considered our “central set of values that we embody to protect and promote a general sense of wellbeing” (p.2). Further into the text, Arnett et al explains that there are two related goods: the substantive good and a set of communicative practices. A substantive good is the good that one wants to protect and promote. This good involves having a belief system that would serve as a guide to contribute to smaller goods, leading up to one’s hypergood. One seeks to protect and promote one’s given good due to the amount of value it holds, so that general good one holds would be considered one’s hypergood. The hypergood is then supported with the communicative practices one participates in. A set of communicative practices ensures the continuous promotion and protection, which involves one to actively participate and live up to that given good. Arnett et al further supports and explains the idea behind the given good by saying, “…one seeks actively to protect and promote a particular ‘hypergood’ and its supporting goods with communicative practices” (p.4). Generally, the good within the context of ethics is a value that is present in one’s life, which is then protected and promoted by taking part in communicative practices. I would consider me caring for others and having a strong community to be my highest values. From those values my highest good would be considered service. Arnett et al explains that one’s good is protected and promoted by actively participating in it and having it present within your life. I continuously practice my good with the programs I am involved in. As a current mentor for freshmen who are firstgeneration, lowincome, and students of color, I continue to practice my highest good by providing resources and advice on how to transition smoothly in their first year in college. Over the summer, I took on another position as a Summer Transition Leader that allowed me to help the incoming freshmen who identified as a minority within Loyola. In both these programs, I provided the students with guidance on how to be successful in their college experience and continuously encouraged them to step out of their comfort zone and interact with their peers. Having completed my freshman year, I know how hard it may be to adjust to college. By offering my friendship, help, and time to these incoming freshmen, I am hoping to give back the same help I was given to them. Although the programs I am involved in have allowed me to practice my highest good, I also apply my good outside of these programs. I continuously resort to my good through even simple actions like providing a listening ear. Even though I may be struggling to keep up with my own life and might have things to do, I make sure the values I hold of caring for others and and having a strong community are addressing my highest good of service. I protect and promote my good of service through my involvement with these programs and by continuously caring for others and building that sense of community. My values and its practice in my life is a demonstration of my good. I then contribute to that good with the communicative action of offering advice, resources, and even my friendship to the incoming freshmen and the people around me. I am actively participating and learning more about the goods I value, which has led me to progress myself and continue to promote and protect the goods I have while spreading the value of my goods to others. I hope that through my values of caring for others and strengthening my community, the freshmen I met with are inspired to do the same and take on roles of service. By doing so, I am leading others to consider the good of service I hold; therefore leading them to hopefully spread the atmosphere of care and community to others, while promoting that good of service. This photo demonstrates practicing my goods of caring for others and being helpful. As a mentor, I had to meet with other mentees to both teach and speak with them about the certain opportunities available on campus while making them comfortable with their peers and myself. The resources I provided them during this event would be considered my communicative practices, while my hypergood is reflected in my caring and helpful nature. 2) Communication ethics literacy allows one to become a lot more openminded about other’s opinions and even one’s own, while also exposing one to the differences of opinions around you. Throughout the first chapter of Communication Ethics Literacy: Dialogue and Difference, Arnett et al explains that communication ethics literacy is a “pragmatic recognition that to engage our own and other’s perspectives about the world, we must know where we stand and learn about the ground of the Other” (p. 24). Arnett et al considers communication ethics literacy “a call for learning that invites human flourishing in a postmodern era of difference” (p. 20). Being attentive to other’s ideas and opinions, really emphasizes the meaning behind communication ethics literacy and allows for the expansion and reconstruction of one’s own thoughts. On top of that, communication ethics literacy allows one to become more understanding of other’s opinions and exposes the diversity of opinions in society. Arnett et al discusses that communications ethics literacy will involve “not agreeing with everyone on what is good” and also mentions that “all communication has an ethical dimension, and the commonality of ethical differences requires one to learn to read what good a given communication ethic seeks to protect and promote.” Overall, communication ethics literacy revolves around understanding one another, actively learning and listening to other’s opinions, coming to the realization that people’s opinions may differ, and being to open to learn from it all. To put communication ethics literacy into practice, it is important that we become literate in terms of our own communication practices so we can continue to effectively communicate our ideas and opinions to others. If we don’t become literate in our own communications, then that may lead others to become judgmental on the opinions we are giving. Therefore, by not being literate in your own communication practices, it can deter others from actively listening to you and considering your opinion seriously. Being literate in our own communication allows us to begin thinking about the different situations that might be presented to us when another person does not agree with our own ideas and opinions. This is beneficial to society, because not everybody is going to have the same opinion, but literacy will help. For example, if one is discussing with somebody who doesn’t agree with one’s opinion, it will be known that the correct reaction will include actively listening to them and not shutting their opinion down. Miscommunication is avoided through literacy in our communication practices which leads to efficient and open conversation. Also, by being literate in our own communications we develop flexibility of learning from other’s opinions. This essentially leads us to effectively communicate with one another in a way that is acceptable from both sides. Overall, by being literate in you own communication practices it allows you to thoroughly communicate your opinions, while being open and understanding to what the other person has to say. Most importantly, literacy in your own communication practices allows for the integration of ethics in your practice. 3) Learning can be a product of many experiences, but what Arnett et al explains with this statement is that learning comes from actively listening and being open to the thoughts of others rather than just one’s own. Arnett et al further explains that “learning requires understanding a position or framework for viewing the world and how our viewing shapes our understanding of any given set of data or facts” (p. 20). Complete occupation with one's own thoughts prevents open listening to the mentality of others. This limits an understanding of differences between people and their backgrounds. With this statement, Arnett et al explains that sometimes one does not necessarily agree with other’s thoughts. Regardless of that, one should be open to learn about the different thoughts others have and be understanding on why others may have those certain thoughts. One is so caught up with only learning about one’s own thoughts, that it is believed one’s own thoughts are correct. However, exposure to different thoughts allows one to learn and actively listen to other’s rather than just shutting them down. One is able to question one’s own thoughts and understand that there is a diversity of thoughts present. We continue to learn from the other and understand their stance on their thoughts, which leads one to become more informed about the other’s opinions. In Gran Torino, a drama film that was released in 2008, director Clint Eastwood really hit on different opinions one may have when being exposed to different cultures and lives. Most of all, it hits on how learning leads to a positive change within a person’s life and also leads to a deeper understanding of other’s opinions. When Walt’s wife passed away, Walt was not willing to form any relationships with other people. However, when Walt stepped in to defend the Lor family, he was exposed to a whole different world than his own. For example, on the drive home after Walt stepped in to defend Sue Lor from the group of men she was harassed by, they shared a conversation about Sue’s culture. Sue was talking about her Hmong culture with him, which Walt initially believed to be odd. However, because Sue was so open to making Walt comfortable with her culture and continued talking to him, Walt was able to understand Sue’s culture and even appreciate it. Arnett et al states that, “learning requires understanding a position or framework for viewing the world”, which is perfectly shown with Sue’s and Walt’s conversation. Both Sue and Walt were actively learning from one another by openly listening to each other, regardless of the different thoughts they had. Sue understood that Walt may not have been exposed to her culture before, but instead of feeling insulted for the way he was speaking about her culture, she continued to listen to his thoughts and learn more about Walt. Walt gains perspective and the reconsideration of who he was in the Korean War with learning about Sue’s culture. The film, Gran Torino, continues to show the mass importance of learning from one another when Thao, Sue’s younger brother, begins to build his character with the help of Walt. Fong, Thao’s older cousin, has been trying to get Thao to join his gang against his will. Walt notices that Thao is very quiet and doesn’t tend to stand up for himself, so to help Thao become more confident Walt gave him advice and made him practice how to talk like a “man”. Thao did not necessarily agree with Walt’s thoughts and what he was teaching him, but he decided to let himself learn from him. Because of this, he was able to communicate a lot more effectively and prove that he was not so weak after all. This is demonstrated when Walt takes Thao to a construction site so Thao can get a job. Thao speaks the way Walt instructed him to and ends up impressing the boss of the construction site, which leads him to landing a job onsite. Arnett et al states that, “the intimate link of communication ethics to learning is a pragmatic recognition that to engage our own and other’s perspectives about the world, we must know where we stand and learn about the ground of the Other” (p. 20). Thao was open to learn more about Walt’s perspective and his own, which essentially led him to gain a deeper understanding from both sides and made him change his whole character. Thao exemplifies how learning can lead you to gain a better understanding of people’s thoughts and why they have them and, most of all, demonstrates how being open to learning from others can lead to opportunities. This photo from Gran Torino represents how learning plays a role on both Walt and Thao. Thao was learning how to become more confident and speak like a “man” even though he did not necessarily agree with what Walt had to say. Walt was learning more about the way Thao was and how he was taught to treat others respectably with the culture he held. Thao was learning more about how to be a “man” from Walt’s perspective. Learning, itself, leads you to become a lot more informed and allows you to gain understanding on why others may have certain opinions. By being open to learn about others opinions, it leads you to communicate ethically and listen to one another in an active manner. The opportunity to spread knowledge allows the growth of others to occur. One may not necessarily agree with the other’s thoughts, but the “the desire to learn” is triggered when you become open to the diversity of opinions around you and allow yourself to listen. 4) Some of the things I learned responding to these questions includes the different ways in which the good is present in our life, the way communication ethics literacy takes shape, and the positivity learning can bring. The goods in our life, varies depending on each person. Regardless of that, our good allows us to take action and continue to promote that certain value present in our life. Having the basic understanding of communication ethics literacy really allows you to question your own thoughts, while also understanding other’s thoughts. It makes us come to the understanding that one should be literate in order to communicate in an effective manner. Although it may be hard to understand why others have certain thoughts, especially if it is drastically different than yours, it is very important to be open to listen. Communication ethics literacy is all about understanding that there are going to be people with different thoughts and goods than you. However, we must be open to learn about other’s thoughts and be open to question and reconsider our own thoughts. Communication ethics literacy encourages you to continuously learn by the situations your good involves you in or from the situations you are surrounded by in your everyday life. All in all, by being open to listen and learn from others, one is truly able to take in different perspectives and continue to be ethical while listening. Reference List Arnett, C. Ronald, Bell M. Leeanne, Harden Fritz M. Janie. Communication Ethics Literacy: Dialogue and Difference. SAGE Publications Inc, 2009. Clint, Eastwood, director. Gran Torino. Warner Bros Pictures, 2008.