In Z, let . Prove that Z = HK. Does Z = H × K?
Test 3 Study Guide Determinism theory that the future is fixed by the past, there is only one possible future Indeterminism the future is not set by the past, past has only limited effect on the future & future is not yet determined Compatibilism (soft determinism) freedom and determinism can coexist, we can have free will even if there is only one future; ability to act on different hypothetically possible desires is all that is required for freedom Traditional compatibilism we are free provided that we are acting on our will and are not constrained Deep self compatibilism our will is genuinely free only if we act on desires we have chosen and that we identify with Incompatibilism free will can only exist is determinism is false Fatalism some events in the future cannot be avoided no matter what we do (most fatalist are not determinists, but it is possible to combine the two) Libertarianism the future is not determined by the past. Future is open and we have the power to shape it. (these powers allows agents to have free will) Hard determinism we have no free will because determinism is true, free will is an illusion and the past decides the future Consequence argument argument for incompatibilism that claims that determinism is not compatible with moral responsibility (We are not responsible for our future actions) Event causation the process of one event causing another Agent causation an agent can act without prior events necessitating the agent’s action, agent can act spontaneously to cause something to happen Thinking about the problem of free will has alerted us to the need to look at our own being more closely than we normally do daytoday Agency theory event causation happens regardless, we as agents insert ourselves into this timeline to change course of action Principle of sufficient reason everything must have a reason or a cause Free will is illusion because you have to make the choices you make. External forces cause decisions. Basic argument (Strawson) – we are not responsible for past & laws of nature we are not responsible for developing our character we are not responsible for decisions we make. Libet & Wegner (neurologists) believe events that occur in brain to make decisions are cause of our actions & feeling of consciousness reactions in brain lead us to make choices. Thinking about the problem of free will alerts us to look at our own being more closely. The existence of free will relates to if we are responsible for actions or not.