A sound receiving dish used at outdoor sporting events is constructed in the shape of a paraboloid, with its focus 5 inches from the vertex. Determine the width of the dish if the depth is to be 2 feet.
Week 8 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯1 Introduction to Music Literature ♪ WEEK 8 NOTES ♪ ▯ Main Theme Early Romantic Music (1820-1900) • free artist philosophy; self inspired • Emotion, Imagination, Individuality vs. old classicism - far more individualized reactions ⁃ emphasis on nature ⁃ self-expression, looking inward ⁃ expressive aims and subjects ⁃ wide range of emotions ⁃ fantasy ⁃ nature ⁃ middle ages ⁃ nationalism ⁃ works associated with homeland ⁃ fold songs/dances ⁃ legends ⁃ distinct musical material ⁃ exoticism - world’s fair, world exposition ⁃ work associated w faraway lands (asia, middle east) t e z ⁃i B Carmen ⁃ Puccini Madame Butterfly ⁃ program music ⁃ instrumental music associated w a story, poem, idea or scene ⁃ descriptive titles and short explanations o s ou t r i⁃ v ⁃ franz Liszt ⁃ nicolo paganini • Revived interest in medieval period ⁃ gothic architecture returns • Wor ⁃ Hunchback of Notre Dame (1836) ⁃ Oliver Twist (1837) and Charles Dickens ⁃ The Raven (1845) Edgar Allen Poe ⁃ The Communist Manifesto, Marx ⁃ Origin of Species (1859) Darwin • Composers chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 8 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯2 ⁃ Franz Schubert ⁃ Robert and Clara Wieck Schumann ⁃ Frederic Chopin ⁃ Franz Liszt ⁃ Felix Mendelssohn ⁃ Hector Berlioz ⁃ Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky ⁃ Bedrich Smetana ⁃ Antonin Dvorak ⁃ Johannes Brahms ⁃ Giuseppe Verdi ⁃ Giacomo Puccini ⁃ Richard Wagner • Musical Characteristics ⁃ tone color ⁃ ex. Berlioz Treatise on Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration (1844) ⁃ orchestras 100+ players (25 players in classical orchestra) ⁃ large expansion of brass w/ trombone, tuba, more horns + trumpets ⁃ winds expansion; pick, english horn, bass clarinet, contrabassoon ⁃ harmony ⁃ chromatic harmony, inclusion of chords/tones not found in typical scalar progression ⁃ increases tension; tonic obscured ⁃ dynamics f f f f / ppppp⁃ pp ⁃ gradual and sudden changes h c t ⁃i p ⁃ wider range of instruments ⁃ unconventional pairings opme⁃ t ⁃ gradual changes; accelerando/ritardando ⁃ rubato tempo; slight holding back and forward movement; “robbing time” mr o⁃ f ⁃ from miniature to massive ⁃ thematic transformation ⁃ bridging of movements • Music and the middle class ⁃ common in the home ⁃ concert seasons - subscriptions for concert halls chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 8 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ⁃ founding of major orchestras ⁃ London Philharmonic, 1813 ⁃ Paris Concert Society, 1828 ⁃ Vienna Philharmonic, 1842 ⁃ New York Philharmonic, 1842 ⁃ Musical training - conservatories in europe and US ⁃ less musical heritage ⁃ lessening restrictions against women • Art Song and Franz Schubert ⁃ piano plays role of drama ⁃ talks about Erlkonig and the spinning wheel song • The Schumanns ) 6581 - 0181 ( t r e b⁃oR ⁃ autobiographical works ⁃ lawyer turned musicians ⁃ met Clara at age 18, engaged in 1836, married in 1840 ⁃ finger injury caused him to be a composer instead of performer ⁃ attempted suicide in 1854, committed to asylum, died in 1856 ⁃ Clara Wieck (1819 - 1896) ⁃ collar of husband ⁃ concert pianist ⁃ did not compose after roberts death ⁃ friend of Brahms • Program Music ⁃ work meant to depict non musical ideas ⁃ expression over description ⁃ absolute music: no intended extramusical association ⁃ some programs hard to identify ⁃ ex. Tchaikovsky’s Symphony no. 6, Pathetique ⁃ Program symphony: a symphony in multiple movements with a program ⁃ Berlioz Symphonie Fantastique ⁃ Concert overture: one movement in sonata form ⁃ Tchaikovsky Romeo & Juliet Overture, 1812 overture ⁃ Symphonic poem or tone poem ⁃ one movement, less rigid in form ⁃ Smetana : The Moldau ⁃ R. Strauss: Also sprach Zarathustra ⁃ Incidental music: written for performance during a play ⁃ Mendelssohn: A Midsummer Night’s Dream chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 8 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯4 • Hector Berlioz (1803 - 1869) ⁃ Came to music late in life at age 20, studied scores and frequented opera and symphony houses ⁃ Passion for shakespeare and Harriet Smithson, Shakespearean actress ⁃ married a year after Hector came back from his study in rome ⁃ inspired Symphonie Fantastique (1830) ⁃ IV. March to the Scaffold e c r e i f , r ebmo s : emeh t t s r i⁃ f ⁃ second: brilliant, solemn ⁃ idée fixe interrupted by guillotine ⁃ Won Prix de Rome in 1830 ⁃ Music - revolutionary; funded his own performances ⁃ appreciated in germany; connections with Liszt and Wagner ⁃ creative orchestration ⁃ chords with timpani, wood of violin instead of hair in the bow, etc. ⁃ long/complicated melodies ⁃ dramatic works for orchestra ⁃ dramatic symphony (Romeo & Juliet) ⁃ dramatic legend (Damnation of Faust) ⁃ Idee fixe: single melody used in several movements ▯ ▯ ▯ Thanks for reading these study notes! Good luck! Any questions or comments visit chappythewizard.tumblr.com find more notes on Music Lit, Theory, and History on Studysoup! chappythewizard.tumblr.com