In a shipping company distribution center, an open cart of mass 50.0 kg is rolling to the left at a speed of 5.00 m>s (Fig. P8.87). Ignore friction between the cart and the floor. A 15.0-kg package slides down a chute that is inclined at 37 from the horizontal and leaves the end of the chute with a speed of 3.00 m>s. The package lands in the cart and they roll together. If the lower end of the chute is a vertical distance of 4.00 m above the bottom of the cart, what are (a) the speed of the package just before it lands in the cart and (b) the final speed of the cart?

Two systems in contact o Microstates multiply, entropies add We know that energy is what makes things happen Lowering energy can drive processes o Spontaneity when Q is out (Q < 0) Increasing energy can drive things o Spontaneity when entropy increases (change in S > 0) Spontaneity is the balance of these two factors Usually significantly...