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If core electrons completely shielded valence electrons

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro ISBN: 9780321809247 1

Solution for problem 59E Chapter 8

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Problem 59E

Problem 59E

If core electrons completely shielded valence electrons from nuclear charge (i.e., if each core electron reduced nuclear charge by 1 unit) and if valence electrons did not shield one another from nuclear charge at all, what would be the effective nuclear charge experienced by the valence electrons of each atom?

a. K

b. Ca

c. O

d. C

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Chapter 19 Carboxylic acids Nomenclature of carboxylic acids Conjugate bases of carboxylic acids Change –ic acid –acte Synthesis of carboxylic acids 1) Oxidation of 1º alcohols 2) Oxidative cleavage of alkynes 3) Oxidation of alkyl benzene with benzylic H’s Reactions of carboxylic acids  Bronsted­ Lowry acids  H+ donors Conjugate base + H­B conjugate acid of base Very strong acids can protonate carboxylic acids Nucleophiles can react at carbonyl carbon Review of acid base chemistry HA == H+ + A­ Ka = [H+][A­]/[HA] Ka= indicates strength of acid  pKa = ­log(Ka)  large pKa = weak acid  small or negative pKa = strong acid  acids with

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 8, Problem 59E is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

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If core electrons completely shielded valence electrons