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Solved: Choose the element with the higher first

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro ISBN: 9780321809247 1

Solution for problem 74E Chapter 8

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Problem 74E

Choose the element with the higher first ionization energy from each pair.

a. P or I

b. Si or Cl

c. P or Sb

d. Ga or Ge

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Bobby Kessinger 3/6/16 Exam 3 Study Guide Unit V Learning Objectives and Big Questions ­How did rulers in the Late Post­Classical Era (1000­1400) gain power by reshaping their environment. ­Describe how geography influenced the diffusion of culture and state building in North America and Meso­America. ­Contrast how the rulers of Japan and Ethiopia used natural resources to create a political power. ­Define and give examples of Ecological Imperialism ­How did post­classical states organize their political systems ­Compare Confucian, Islamic, and Christian responses to the immigrations and invasions of non­ agricultural societies (herders and hunters) into their regions ­Identify strengths and weaknesses of Byzantium’s post­classical political strategies ­Explain the role of religion in the feudal system of Western Europe. ­Explain why mounted armies were effective and favored in the post­Classical era ­Compare Mongol ruling strategies to Feudalism ­Identify economic and political consequences of the Mongol conquests ­Explain how the Black Death reached so many parts of Eurasia ­Describe the consequences of the Black Death Book Learning Objectives ­How did geography influence the spread of culture and state­building in North America and Mesoamerica ­What role did the Indian Ocean play for Ethiopia, the Khmer, and Indian states ­How did their relative isolation affect Japan and Western Europe ­How did the Islamic world deal with steppeland and Christian invaders and how did Islam become implanted in West Africa ­How was the Byzantine Empire able to survive for so long and what contributed to its end ­How did Song China deal with the northern barbarians ­How were the Mongols able to conquer such a vast empire ­How did Mongol rule differ in China, Persia, and Russia ­Why did the Mongols fail to conquer Egypt and India ­How did the Mongol peace benefit Europe ­What were some direct and indirect effects of global climate change in the 14 century ­How did plague affect various parts of the world th ­How did India, Southeast Asia, Japan, and Mali each fare in the 14 century and what made the experiences of these regions distinctive ­What are some examples of new activity in Pacific societies during the 14 century Reading Quizes CH. 10 Why was Japan so isolated from the rest of Asia before 1070 CE Dangerous seas Rulers discouraged people from leaving the country Rulers focused on rice production instead of trade All of the above. True or False: Columbus was the first European to establish a colony in North America. True False Why didn't the people of the American Southwest trade directly with the people in America's Mississippi River Valley they had nothing to trade the prairies between them were patrolled by raiders. the prairies between them wouldn't sustain sedentary life they had no merchants who specialized in trade What agriculture technique was shared by the people of the Canyon Cultures and the Mayans slash and burn irrigation horticulture ox­drawn plows King Lalibela gathered support for his kingdom by: Sponsoring Indian Ocean trade Carving churches out of stone Rebuild the capital at Axum Slave labor The most effective way for Chola kings in southern India to increase their prestige was: to give extravagant gifts to raid overseas states to clear forests for temples to conquer productive land The rivalry between the Taira and Minamoto clan replaced Japan's imperial system with a: State System Shogunate Khanate Anarchy The Holy Roman Empire of Otto III covered the same territory as the Roman Empire of the Axial Age. the Eastern Mediterranean. a little more than modern Germany. no more than its capital city. Which of the following were consequences of internal colonization in Europe increasing population densities the conversion of common people to Christianity. improved efficiency of food production All of the above. Where did European artists and scientists look for inspiration between 1000­1200 CE the Islamic World Germanic traditions Byzantium ancient Rome and Greece CH. 11 The first crusade was organized by Edward II Basil II King Richard the Lionheart Pope Urban II Instead of an empire, the textbook describes Byzantium as a: commune commonwealth state system khanate What was the conflict between the emperor and the aristocrats in Byzantium about Aristocrats made secret deals with invading pastoralists They disagree about the role of the church in government Both wanted control over the peasants who worked the land The emperor limited the amount of land an aristocrat could own Song China regarded which pastoralist empire as its equal Liao (the empire of the Khitans) Xia (the empire of the Tanguts) Jurchen Seljuk Which of the following Chinese bureaucrats actually interviewed peasants to see if government policies were working Ouyang Xiu Wang Anshi Zhu Xi Sequence the following pastoralists in the order they invaded Song China. • |||A Jurchen • |||B Xia • |||C Liao The Seljuks who invaded the Abbasid Caliphate were Muslims Turkish­speakers pastoralists All of the above CH. 12 "Crane catching" is the Mongol political strategy of exchanging valuable cranes as diplomatic gifts presenting cranes to their Khan to get a promotion catching the mascot of the opposing army to decrease their morale enticing or forcing rival groups into submission Which European visited the Mongol empire by traveling along the silk roads Marco Polo William of Rubruck Francis of Asissi Ingvary Ingvarevitch Who unified the Mongols Mongke Khan Kublai Khan Ogetai Khan Genghis Khan Mongols practiced "mixed pastoralism", which means They were both tillers and herders Their diet depended on the milk, blood, and meat of several types of domesticated animals They used horses to pull plows They followed around several types of wild animal herds Which world religion did the Mongol Il­Khans adopt Buddhism Christianity Islam They retained their shamanistic religions The Mamluks were: a branch of the Mongol army a slave army that took control of Egypt a Christian monastic order a Christian chivalric order Outside of the core areas ruled directly by the Sultan Iltutmish and his successors, the Delhi Sultanate resembled a: Centralized empire Feudal system State system All of the above Which monastic order encouraged its monks to serve the poor instead of retreat to isolated monasteries Jesuits Franciscans Benedictines Cistercians Which place did the Mongols conquer Japan Egypt the Delhi Sultanate Song China How did the Ethiopian ruler indicate it was time to move the capital He sent a written notice to all the governors He got on a horse and rode away He held a grand celebration None of the above Ch. 13 Why can't medical historians be sure about which diseases caused the Black Death Past peoples reported symptoms differently than modern doctors Microbes evolve rapidly over time, so today's diseases are different than past diseases Many different diseases probably contributed to the black death All of the above Where did the Black Death start Arabia China South America Europe According to legal records in Europe, the Black Death killed what percentage of the population 60­80% 30­40% 20­30% 10% Many Europeans blamed which religious minority in for the black death Buddhists Franciscans Jews Christians Who benefited from the black death if they survived Kings Peasants Widows with property All of the above Political movements are described as millenarian when they are successful they have at least a million followers. they are led by millers they are motivated by religious expectations about the “end of the world”. How did the chaotic politics of Japanese feudalism in the fourteenth century help peasants prosper Central government could not enforce intrusive laws Landlords shifted so often that the couldn't oppress the peasants Increased warfare meant landlords were often absent from their estates All of the above. The empire of Mali in West Africa was founded by: Mansa Musa Mansa Suleyman Sundiata Ibn Battuta Which world civilization had a difficult time recovering population after the Black Death China the Islamic World Western Europe Sub­Saharan Africa The black death of the 14th century happened at the same time as what other environmental event A global drop in temperature A volcanic eruption A solar eclipse A harvest moon These moai are found on which remote Pacific Island New Zealand Chan Chan Hawaii Easter Island Answers for Unit V Reading quizzes Ch. 10 D B C B B D B C D D Ch. 11 D B C A B Order: C,B,A D Ch. 12 D B D B C B B B D B Ch. 13 D B A C D D D C B A D Unit VI Big Question and Learning Objective ­ How did African and American rulers transform people into wealth ­Distinguish in between trading and military states in Africa ­Contrast the logic of “wealth of people” in Africa and the Americas ­Why did the new empires of the late post­Classical era revive the imperial traditions of earlier empires that had failed ­Identify the importance of Ottoman geography ­Explain advantages of Ottoman Imperialism over feudalism ­Explain why the Chinese cancelled the expeditions of their treasure fleets ­Why did small states in Western Europe innovate oceanic imperialism instead of more established states in Asia ­Compare landed and oceanic empires ­Explain why the Portuguese and Dutch were the first Europeans to enter the Indian Ocean ­Identify examples of mercantilists policies Book Learning Objectives ­Why were some African Empires able to expand on such an impressive scale during this period ­What role did environmental diversity play in the Inca and Aztec empires ­How did the strong new empires that arose on the Eurasian borderlands succeed ­Why did China turn away from overseas expansion in the 15 century ­What were the effects and limitations of humanism in the 15 century Western Europe ­Why did the Dutch replace the Portuguese as the main thropean imperial power in Asia ­How did the land empires in Asia in the 16 and 17 centuries differ from the maritime empires and among themselves ­Why were the Native Americans so important in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec and Inca empires Reading Quizzes Ch. 14­1 and Clendinnen Reading Quiz How did Aztecs measure success The number of feathers on their cloaks The number and status of enemy warriors taken alive in one­on­one combat The number of wives they had Their neighborhood in the city of Tenochtitlan True or False: It was impossible for commoners in Aztec society to become nobles. True False Moctezuma was the ruler of the : Songhay Swahili Incas Aztecs Relationships among Aztec men are best described as: Alliances Friendships Rivalries Why didn't Aztec warriors respect Aztec merchants merchants bought captives instead of capturing victims themselves. merchants secretly hoarded their wealth in times of famine, merchants prospered at others' expense all of the above The Kongo Kingdom of Central Africa established diplomatic relations with which European kingdom in the 15th century England Portugal Holy Roman Empire Spain Sort these items into the correct order, then click 'Submit': • |||A Ghana • |||B Mali • |||C Songhay What was the foundation of the economy for the Incan Empire Long distance trade Maize production Mining Tribute from complementary environments Ch. 14­2 The Muscovy Empire controlled the trade along which river Danube Volga Yellow Amazon What is the "black gold" that brought wealth to the Muscovy Empire Crude oil Animal furs Coal None of the above Which empire conquered Constantinople in the fifteenth century Muscovy Ming China Ottoman Aztecs The founder of the Ming dynasty claimed to be which messianic figure: the Christian Jesus Christ the Muslim Mahdi the Buddhist Maitreya the Aztec Quetzalcoatl Why did the Chinese rebel against the Mongol rulers of the Yuan dynasty The Mongols forced the peasants to repair the Grand canal The Mongols appointed non­Chinese advisors The Mongols executed an heir to the Song dynasty All of the above Who led Chinese fleets to explore and collect tribute throughout the Indian Ocean Zhu Yuanzhang the Hongxi emperor the Yongle emperor Zheng He What factor contributed to the success of the Ottoman Empire They adapted to agrarian, urban, and maritime environments They occupied territories at the crossroads of several traded routes They created a secular and religious laws to rule divers people All of the above The Muscovy and Ottoman empires both considered themselves the heirs of the Seljuks the Romans the Mauryan Empire the Persians Ch. 14­3 & 15 Who were the primary European competitors of the Portuguese in the sixteenth century Spain and the Dutch England and France England and the Dutch Spain and France What was the primary product or service that Europeans provided merchants in the Indian Ocean shipping gold spices insurance Which empire focused on capturing fur trade routes in Siberia China Russia Ottoman Mughal Who founded the Mughal Empire Babur Akbar Suleiman Ivan Dona Marina served as an interpreter for which empire during its conquests in the Americas England France Spain Portugal Which of the following were Portuguese colonies Goa Brazil Mozambique All of the above Toyotomi Hideyoshi led Japanese efforts in the sixteenth century to: conquer Korea and Japan restrict trade with Christian Europeans launch voyages of discovery to America None of the above Who discovered a direct route across the North Atlantic in the late 1490s (other than Columbus) Hernan Cortez Amerigo Vespucci John Cabot Vasco da Gama What motivated Europeans to explore sea routes to the Indian Ocean The promise of wealth through trading spices to Europe The poverty of Europe compared to Asia Commitment to spreading Christianity All of the above Most of the colonists of Dutch Indonesia came from: Japan the Netherlands the Mughal Empire China Answers for Unit VI Reading quizzes Ch. 14­1 B B D C D B Order: A, B, C D Ch. 14­2 B B C C D D D B Ch. 14­3 & 15 A A B A C D A C D D

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Chapter 8, Problem 74E is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

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Solved: Choose the element with the higher first