The graph below charts the first si x ionization energies of an unknown gaseous atom.
(a) If this element is in the third period, what is its electron configuration?
(b) If this element is in the first row of transition metals, what is its electron configuration?
(c) For each of the elements in parts (a) and (b), explain why there is such a large gap between IE4 and IE5
Ed Krzemienski History 150—Study Guide for Napoleon Napoleon Questions 1. Napoleon was born in what year a. 1769 2. Who was the only person to have more books written about him than Napoleon a. Jesus 3. Napoleon was born on what island a. Corsica 4. In 1794 Napoleon went to what city a. Paris 5. What is a Demogorgon a. Infernal Executive 6. Napoleon planned and executed a grand invasion to what African country a. Egypt 7. The author describes Napoleon as first and foremost a what a. Out of Date 8. What was Bonaparte’s most useful weapon as a military leader a. Fear 9. What battle is generally considered to be Bonaparte’s most brilliant victory a. Battle of Austerlitz 10. From which powerful family did Napoleon’s wife, Marie-Louise, come from a. Habsburgs 11. How does the author describe the Louisiana Purchase in terms of Napoleon a. Greatest single failure of imagination (NOT military defeat for Napoleaon) 12. The Napoleonic Empire had “no natural or even artificial” what a. boundaries 13. Napoleon’s brother Lucien was made sovereign of what newly created state in 1806 a. Holland 14. The author states that Bonaparte despised the French, or more exactly the whom a. Parisians 15. Napoleon’s downfall originated with the refusal of which nation to accept his conquests a. England 16. In October 1812, Napoleon marched his men out of what city a. Moscow 17. The author describes Napoleon as, by 1813, being what a. Out of Date 18. What was the largest battle between 1792-1815 a. Battle of Liepzig 19. On which island was Napleon exiled in 1814 a. Elba 20. How does the author (briefly) describe the complexity of the Battle of Waterloo a. Simple affair 21. What body decided to confine Bonaparte Where did they send him a. Vienna Congress sent to St. Helen 22. How did Hudson Lowe treat Napoleon while imprisoned a. Kindly 23. In what year did Napoleon die a. 1821 b. Same year Greece united FOR EXAM #3—IN LAB FROM TUESDAY APRIL 5 TH TO SUNDAY APRIL 10 TH H150 Review Sheet #3 You are also responsible for the questions on Paul Johnson’s Napoleon 1. Prince Henry the Navigator 18. “Science of Man” a. Father of age of exploration 19. The Enlightenment 2. “God and Gold” a. Enlightenment came out of science a. These are the 2 reasons for 20. Philosophes exploration a. Led the enlightenment 3. “Passage to India” 21. Tyranny 4. Vasco da Gama 22. Liberty a. Discovers passage to India 23. Thomas Hobbes 5. Christopher Columbus a. Pessimism 6. John & Sebastian Cabot b. People couldn’t be trusted to govern a. Brothers from England claimed land themselves in New World 24. John Locke 7. Medieval/Hierarchical universe a. Optimistic a. Idea that the closer you are to heaven b. If gov. fails to provide they should the better you are rise up and revolt b. Not what the enlightenment is about 25. Constitution c. Enlightenment is opposite of this 26. Constant Vigilance hierarchy 27. Adam Smith 8. Scientific Revolution 28. Wealth of Nations a. When you take scientific ideas and 29. Seven Years’ War apply them to non-scientific areas of a. France v. England life b. Both bankrupt after war 9. Nicolas Copernicus 30. French and Indian Wars 10. Geocentric theory 31. Thomas Jefferson a. Before the heliocentric, earth the 32. American Revolution center & other planets surround it 33. First Estate 11. Heliocentric theory a. Clergy a. Sun at the center and planets 34. “free gift” surround it a. Nobles did not pay taxes just gave a b. Nicolas Copernicus monetary “gift” to gov. 12. Galilei Galileo 35. Second Estate a. Despite him not seeing order in the a. nobility universe still believed god was 36. nobles of the sword present a. born into it b. Believed his scientific discoveries 37. nobles of the robe were a gift from god a. purchased their title 13. Telescope 38. Third Estate 14. Isaac Newton a. Everyone else a. Newtonian Physics b. Three types of people: 15. Newton’s Laws i. Bourgeoisie 16. Newtonian Physics ii. Urban laborers a. Idea that universe has an order that iii. Peasants (maj. of population) has nothing to do with god 39. Bourgeoisie 17. Deists/Deism a. Formed national assembly a. Believed in god, he’s the clockmaker 40. Peasantry a. Great fear military was going to kill 61. Industrial Revolution them a. Starts in western Europe (England) 41. Urban Laborers b. Because they are wealthier a. Stormed Bastille – let political 62. Western European industrialization prisoners out 63. British industrialization 42. Estates General 64. Factory system a. Before national assembly 65. James Watt b. Not fairly divided among estates a. Invented steam engine 43. Tennis Court Oath 66. Steam engine a. Borguasie was locked out went a. Women & Child labor is a across street & took oath that said consequence they wouldn’t let this happen b. Factory can be built anywhere 44. Louis XVI c. ALL OF THE ABOVE 45. The Bastille 67. Iron industry a. Charged by the urban laborers 68. Coal mining 46. The Great Fear a. England a. Peasants thought Army was going to 69. Child labor kill them 70. “Holy Monday” b. Burned their feudal documents a. Workers didn’t go to work or were 47. Declaration of the Rights of Man hungover at work 48. sans-culottes 71. Greek independence 49. la Patrie a. 1821 50. Napoleon Bonaparte 72. Italian unification 51. Congress of Vienna 73. King Emmanuel I a. They were there to control a. Italy unified under nationalistic and liberal movements 74. German Confederation that were occurring (liberalism & a. 1871 – Creation of united Germany independent movements) 75. Battle of Jena b. 3 main people – Klemens Von a. BIG Defeat for Germany Metternich, Robert Stewart, Tsar 76. Junkers Alexander I a. Prussian Nobles 52. Klemens von Metternich 77. Prussia a. Congress of Vienna (most important a. Was in three wars: person in Congress - host) i. Denmark-Prussian War b. From Astro-Hungarian Empire ii. Astro-Prussian War c. Reason for joining - Afraid of iii. Franco-Prussian War nationalism 78. Otto von Bismarck 53. Austro-Hungarian Empire a. Iron Chancellor 54. Robert Stewart 79. Iron Chancellor a. Congress of Vienna a. Otto Von Bismarck b. From England 80. Denmark-Prussian War c. Reason for joining – wanted to avoid 81. Austro-Prussian War making an enemy of France 82. Northern German Confederation 55. Tsar Alexander I 83. Napoleon III a. Congress 84. Franco-Prussian War b. From Russia a. South united c. Reason for joining - Christianity b. Had to stall so south would join 56. Concert of Europe 85. Versailles (Paris) 57. Quadruple Alliance a. German signed 58. “The Long Century” b. January 18, 1871 59. Liberalism c. ALL OF THE ABOVE 60. Nationalism 86. January 18, 1871