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PSCI2012 Chapter 12 Welfare State *when talking about development: talking about poor countries; when talking about welfare state: talking about wealthy countries Tension: democratic politics is realm of equality while capitalism economics is realm of inequality o Every democratic state engages in some progressive redistribution Great variation in how much is redistributed and how I . Welfare State A. What it is and how it works Old age Healthcare Family Employment Education Housing B. Why it exists 1. Perceived need for progressive taxation and redistribution Progressive taxation: occurs when individuals’ tax burdens go up as their incomes go up Regressive taxation: taxes that tend to benefit relatively wealthy people more than relatively poor people Progressive redistribution: programs act like Robin Hood and take from richer folks and give to poorer folks Lower than expected because... o Fear of capital flight, perverse incentives o Belief that poor people deserve fate o Poor folds believe they’re better off than they are, or will be o Golden rule: those who have gold make rules (wealth = political power) o Social insurance: forms of insurance available to everyone regardless of ability to pay 3 reasons this is provided: 1. Political iden