Chemical Equations and Simple Patterns of Chemical Reactivity (Sections)
Write balanced chemical equations to correspond to each of the following descriptions:
(a) When sulfur trioxide gas reacts with water, a solution of sulfuric acid forms.
(b) Boron sulfide, B2S3(s), reacts violently with water to form dissolved boric acid, H3BO3, and hydrogen sulfide gas.
(c) Phosphine, PH3(g), combusts in oxygen gas to form water vapor and solid tetraphosphorus decaoxide.
(d) When solid mercury(II) nitrate is heated, it decomposes to form solid mercury(II) oxide, gaseous nitrogen dioxide, and oxygen.
(e) Copper metal reacts with hot concentrated sulfuric acid solution to form aqueous copper(II) sulfate, sulfur dioxide gas, and water.
Chapter2 Wednesday,August24,2016 2:30PM ChemicalBasisofLife:Water,Acids,andBases Wed9/24 • Basicpropertiesofwater 60-70%-humans § § 95%- plants § Bigenvironmentalcomponent § Manychemicalreactions ○ Structuralformula:H2O ○ Roleofelectronegativity § Abilityofanatomtoattractelectronsinabondawayfromanotheratom ○ Electronegativitydifferencesmakewaterpolar § Polarà slightlychargedportionsofthemolecule § Non-polar à nodifferenceinchargethroughoutthemolecule ○ Whattypeofbondisholdingawatermoleculetogether § Covalentbond □ Polarcovalentbo