Outline some features of the scientific method.
Solution 10RQ Some features of scientific methods are listed below with examples. 1. Observing a phenomenon: Suppose we need to calculate the density of a piece of iron. Let us have a look at the iron piece to find how big and how much heavy it is. 2. Conduct initial measurements/experiments: We can measure the mass of the iron piece followed by its volume. To confirm the most accurate mass, we can do several measurements and then take an average of these readings. Similarly, the dimensions of the piece can be measured several times and we can have the most accurate volume reading of the piece. 3. Doing the calculations: Once we have the necessary data in hand, such as mass and volume, we can measure the density of the iron piece. 4. Validate the calculation: Once we have the density values, we can check the result with the standard value for accuracy. Closer is our measurement with the standard value, the more accurate is our observation. 5. Repeat the measurements: In case of significant difference with the standard value, we shall have to repeat our measurements and then calculations until we reach closer to the standard value. 6. Establish a theory/protocol: Once we have got the most accurate result, we can establish a protocol of our measurements and validate the processes involved in the calculations.