Terminology? The table in Exercise is called a contingency table or two-way table. Why is the term ?contingency? used? Why is the terminology of ?two-way table used? Exercise Smoking Cessation? The accompanying table summarizes successes and failures when subjects used different methods when trying to stop smoking. The determination of smoking or not smoking was made five months after the treatment was begun, and the data are based on results from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If we test the claim that success is independent of the method used, the TI-83/84 Plus calculator provides a ?P?-value of 0.216 (rounded). What does the ?P?-value tell us about that claim? N N N i i i c c c o o o t t t i i i n n n e e e P I G a n t h u c a m h l e r S m o 1 2 9 k 9 6 5 i 1 3 n g N o t S m 5 5 2 o 9 7 7 k i n g

Solution 2BSC Step1: Before going to explain why is the term contingency used First let us understand what is contingency table, Defn : “ a table showing the distribution of one variable in rows and another in columns, used to study the correlation between the two variables” This table is called a contingency...