Nuclear Power and Radioisotopes (Sections)A portion of the

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Problem 61E Chapter 21

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

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Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

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Problem 61E

Nuclear Power and Radioisotopes (Sections)

A portion of the Sun’s energy comes from the reaction

4 11H→42 He + 2 01 e

which requires a temperature of 106 to 107 K.

(a) Use the mass of the helium-4 nucleus given in Table to determine how much energy is released when the reaction is run with 1 mol of hydrogen atoms.

Table Mass Defects and Binding Energies for Three Nuclei

Nucleus

Mass of Nucleus (amu)

Mass of Individual Nucleons (amu)

Mass Defect (amu)

Binding Energy (J)

Binding Energy per Nucleon (J)

42He

4.00150

4.03188

0.03038

4.53 × 10-12

1.13 × 10-12

5626Fe

55.92068

56.44914

0.52846

7.90 × 10-11

1.41 × 10-12

23892U

238.00031

239.93451

1.93420

2.89 × 10-10

1.21 × 10-12

, (b) Why is such a high temperature required?

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

THE HEART OF THE MATTER ● the lighter chemical elements are the most abundant on earth ○ the heavier (gold) = more rare ● both space and time came out of the Big Bang ● string/loop of energy is the one basic particle ● gravity doesn’t fit or work well with quantum theory ● string theory = only theory so far that reconciles Quantum Theory and gravity ○...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 21, Problem 61E is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321696724

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. The answer to “Nuclear Power and Radioisotopes (Sections)A portion of the Sun’s energy comes from the reaction4 11H?42 He + 2 01 ewhich requires a temperature of 106 to 107 K.(a) Use the mass of the helium-4 nucleus given in Table to determine how much energy is released when the reaction is run with 1 mol of hydrogen atoms.Table Mass Defects and Binding Energies for Three NucleiNucleusMass of Nucleus (amu)Mass of Individual Nucleons (amu)Mass Defect (amu)Binding Energy (J)Binding Energy per Nucleon (J)42He4.001504.031880.030384.53 × 10-121.13 × 10-125626Fe55.9206856.449140.528467.90 × 10-111.41 × 10-1223892U238.00031239.934511.934202.89 × 10-101.21 × 10-12, (b) Why is such a high temperature required?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 99 words. Since the solution to 61E from 21 chapter was answered, more than 254 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 61E from chapter: 21 was answered by Sieva Kozinsky, our top Chemistry solution expert on 04/03/17, 07:58AM. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This full solution covers the following key subjects: Energy, temperature, Table, reaction, mass. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 49 chapters, and 5471 solutions.

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