Nuclear Power and Radioisotopes (Sections)

Iodine-131 is a convenient radioisotope to monitor thyroid activity in humans. It is a beta emitter with a half-life of 8.02 days. The thyroid is the only gland in the body that uses iodine. A person undergoing a test of thyroid activity drinks a solution of NaI, in which only a small fraction of the iodide is radioactive. (a) Why is NaI a good choice for the source of iodine? (b) If a Geiger counter is placed near the person’s thyroid (which is near the neck) right after the sodium iodide solution is taken, what will the data look like as a function of time? (c) A normal thyroid will take up about 12% of the ingested iodide in a few hours. How long will it take for the radioactive iodide taken up and held by the thyroid to decay to 0.01% of the original amount?

MGT 218: Chapter 6: Continuous Random Variables and the Normal distribution (PART 2) with Solution for Exercises on Text book. Theory : Standardizing a Normal Distribution : Converting an x Value to a z Value : For a normal random variable x, a particular value of x can be converted to its corresponding z value by using the formula : where Mean and standard deviation are the mean and...