×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry: The Central Science - 12 Edition - Chapter 7 - Problem 29e
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry: The Central Science - 12 Edition - Chapter 7 - Problem 29e

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

Visualizing ConceptsIn the following reaction which sphere

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward ISBN: 9780321696724 27

Solution for problem 29E Chapter 7

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

  • Textbook Solutions
  • 2901 Step-by-step solutions solved by professors and subject experts
  • Get 24/7 help from StudySoup virtual teaching assistants
Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

4 5 1 281 Reviews
14
5
Problem 29E

Problem 29E

Visualizing Concepts

In the following reaction

which sphere represents a metal and which represents a non-metal? Explain your answer. [Section]

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

StudyingReligion Beingreligious:WhatisGodsayingtomeinthistext Studyingreligion:WhatcanthistexttellusaboutthereligionofAncientIsraelandearly Christians Religion-Referstothedimensionsofhumanlifeandcultureinwhichpeoplerelateand respondtowhattheytaketobetheultimaterealityorrealitiesthatgivelifemeaningandvalue NinianSmart:TheDimensionsofReligion o ThePracticalandRitualDimension • Traditionandroutine o TheExperientialandEmotionalDimension • Achangingexperience o TheNarrativeorMythicDimension • Storyconveyingmeaning o TheDoctrinalandPhilosophicalDimension • Teaching/conceptsandideas o TheEthicalandLegalDimension • HowtoactaccordingtoGodandlawsoftheland o TheSocialandInstitutionalDimension • Groupsandoperations o TheMaterialDimension • Symbols,artifacts,crosses,churchesetc. QuestionsWeWillAsk 1. Whatdoesthenarrativesay 2. Whatdoweknowhistoricallyaboutthepeople/eventsinthenarrative 3. Howdidthebiblicaltextdevelop 4. Howdoesthebiblicaltextfunctionasscriptureinreligiouscommunities TermstoKnow o bible-Greekwordbibliameans“littlebooks” o TheHebrewBible-Tanakh,TheProtestantOldTestament o Tanakh-namefortheHebrewBible,acronymoftheconsonantsofthethreedivisionsof thebible—Torah(Law),Nevi’im(Prophets),Kathuvim(Writings) o Septuagint-GreekversionofTheHebrewBible o Apocrypha-severaladditionalbooksintheoldtestamentfoundintheCatholicBible o Deuterocanan-SevenbooksintheCatholicBible o MasoreticText-authoritativetextforJudaism o Vulgate-Jerome’sLatinversionoftheBible o canon-officiallistofdocumentsthatareligiouscommunityacceptsasauthoritativeand binding o myth-anarrativeaboutGodordivinebeingsthatconveysameaning o Elohim-pluralformof“God”inHebrew o Yahweh-“Heis”inHebrew,athirdpersontermfortheLord o covenant-pactoragreement,establishmentofrelationship o NoachanCovenant-God’scovenantwithNoahinwhichHepromisestoneveragain destroyhumanityagainbydrowningthem,andestablishedthebondbetweenGodand everylivingcreature o AbrahamicCovenant-God’scovenantwithAbraham(expressinghiscommitmenttoan individual)inwhichHepromisestomakeamightynationofAbraham,blesshis descendantsandmakethemasnumerousasthestars,givethemthelandofCanaan (promisedland)andmakealineofkingsthroughthem o MosaicCovenant-God’scovenantwithMosesestablishingconditionsthatrequiredthe peopletoobedient,andinreturnGodwilldeliverthemtothepromisedland o DavidicCovenant-God’scovenantwithKingDavidinwhichHepromisesalineofroyal descendantstoruleIsraelforever,andwillnotoverthrowtheDavidicDynasty TheBibleasaReligiousDocument GeographyoftheAncientNearEast Canaan-regionalongtheMediterraneanSeathatGodpromisedtotheIsraelites 4geographicalregions: o CentralHillCountry-majormountainousareainCannan o CoastalPlain-majorgeographicalfeatureinCanaanalongtheGreatSea (Mediterranean) o GreatRiftValley-majorgeographicalfeatureinCanaan,lowestplaceonthefaceofthe earthwhenstandingontheshoreoftheDeadSea,contains3bodiesofwater(Seaof Galilee,DeadSea,JordanRiver) o Transjordan-arableregionacrosstheJordanRiver 3bodiesofwater: o DeadSea-partoftheGreatRiftValleyinCanaan,waterevaporates o JordanRiver-partoftheGreatRiftValleyinCanaan,flowsfromtheSeaofGalileetothe DeadSea o SeaofGalilee ValleyofJezereel-createspartoftraderouteandcityofMegiddo PlainofMegiddo-createspartoftraderouteandcityofMegiddo Mesopotamia-anareabetweenTigrisandEuphratesRiverattheheadofthePersianGulfin whatisnowSouthernIraq.ThisiswhereIsrael’sstorybeginsandends Ur-oneoftheoldestcitiesinMesopotamia,Abraham’sbirthplace FertileCrescent-astripofarablelandcurvingfromtheheadofthePersianGulfnorthwestward toSyriaandthensouthwardthroughCanaanintoEgypt Sumer-regioninsouthernMesopotamia,contributedgreatlytotheAncientSocietythrough theirinventions(wheel,cuneiform,ziggurat),theoldestliterateurbancivilization.Thewheel allowedmovement,thereforetradewasestablishedbetweenSumer(laterAcadia)&Egypt Egypt-regionalongtheNileRiver Palestine-analternatenameforCanaan,namedforthePhilistines StructureofHebrewandChristianBibles HebrewBible: Torah-1 section,“TheLaw”,first5books—Genesis,Exodus,Leviticus,Numbers,Deuteronomy Prophets-2 section”,subdividedintoTheFormerProphetsandTheLatterProphets rd Writings-3 section B.C.“BeforeChrist”=B.C.E.“BeforetheCommonEra” A.D.“AnnoDomini”(intheyearofourLord)=C.E.“CommonEra Arable=fertile TheCreationStories Genesis1 Psource “God” Earthwasaformlessvoid,windfromGod,waters Day1:Lightàlight/darkà“day”/”night” Day2:Domeàwater/waterà“sky” Day3:Drylandàland/waterà“Earth”/”Sea” Vegetation:plantsyieldingseed,fruittreeswithseedofeverykind Day4:Sun(“greaterlight”),moons(“lesserlight”),“stars” Day5:Fish&Foul:birds,seamonsters o Commandtobefruitfulandmultiply Day6:Landcritters:wildanimals,cattle,creepingthings Humankind:madeinGod’simage,male&female,dominionovereverythingonearth o Commandtobefruitfulandmultiply Day7:Godrests TheSabbath(7 dayofweekonwhichworkceasesforIsrael)comesfromthis Motifs: Creation Separation Naming “Therewaseveningandtherewasmorning,the____day.” Genesis2 Jsouce “theLORDGod”=Yahweh o HeavensandEarth,drydirt(noplantsandnoherbofthefield) o Stream,wateronground o Man:formedfromthedust,Godbreathesthebreathoflife o GardeninEden(Vegetation):containedthetreeoflife&treeofknowledgeofgoodand evil o Riverflowsfromground:4brachesbecomePishon,Gihon,Tigris,Euphrates o God’scommandtonoteatfromthetreeofknowledgeofgoodandevil o Animals:animalsofthefield&birdsoftheair,Adamnamesthem,intendedtobea partnerforAdam o Woman:createdfromAdam’srib Genesis3 o Serpentconvincesthewomantoeatfromthetreeoftheknowledgeofgoodandevil, becauseshewillnotdieandwillbecomelikeGod(knowinggoodandevil) o Eveeatsfruitandgivesfruittomanaswell o Adamandwoman’s“eyeswereopened”andbecameashamedoftheirnakedness,so theymadecoveringsforthemselves o God(walkinginthegarden)cursestheserpent,increaseswoman’schildrearingpains, makeshusbandruleoverwife,andcursestheground o AdamnamedthewomanEve(motherofallliving) o GodmakesclothesforAdamandEve o GodsentAdamandEveawayfromtheGarden o GodplacedcherubimtoguardtheGarden Genesis4 o EvegivesbirthtoCain(withthehelpofYahweh),thenAbel o Abelworkedasa“keeperofthesheep”,Yahwehfavoredhisoffering o Cainworkedasa“tilleroftheground” o CainkillsAbelinthefield o GodcursesCainfromtheground,butmarkshimsothatnoonewillkillhimforhis wrongdoing,thensendshimaway o EvegivesbirthtoSeth StructureoftheHebrewBible Pentateuch-Greekwordmeaning“fivescrolls”,thefirstfivebooksofTheHebrewBible(The Torah) cult-systemsofsacrifice,worshipandpublicrightsofareligiousgroup EnumaElish-Babyloniancreationepicmeaning“whenabove”;worldcreatedfromwatery chaosintoseparationanddivision Tetragrammaton-YHWH–theHebrewconsonantsrepresenting“Yahweh” Noah,TheFlood&theDocumentaryHypothesis DocumentaryHypothesis:atheoryproposedtoexplaintheTorah’ssourcesandliterary development,andawell-knowdivisionofthepresentTorahintoseparatesources o J-ca.1000 • Uses“Yahweh” • sacredmountainis“Sinai” • composedinJudah • Oldestsource o E-ca.850 • Uses“Elohim” • sacredmountainis“Horeb” • beginswithAbraham’sstory o P-ca.650 • Priestlywriters • WrittenduringExileandafter • Interestinpriestlymattersandgenealogy o D-ca.550-400 • ReflectsJosiah’sReform • WorshipcenteredinJerusalem • Deuteronomisthistory StoryofNoah Etiology-astorythattriestoexplainwhysomethingisthewayitis Gilgamesh-aMesopotamiannarrativethatscholarsbelieveGenesisauthorsdrewonwhen writingbiblicaltext—containsastoryofglobaldelugelikeNoah o PeoplemultipliedandYahwehgrievesthe“wickednessofhumankind” • Niphilim-Araceofgiantscreatedviadivine-humaninteraction—“sonsofGod” reproducedwith“daughterofhumans”,Anakitesdescendedfromthem • Yahwehvowstofloodtheearthtodestroyallhumans,animals,andtheearth, exceptforNoahwhomhefoundfavorwith o YahwehcommandsNoahtobuildanark(rectangularboat) o GodcommandsNoahtobringanimalswithhim • Psource:twoanimalsofeverykind(onemale&onefemale) • Jsource:sevenpairsofcleananimals(male&female),onepairofuncleananimals o Noahentersthearkwithhiswife,histhreesonsandhissons’wives o Godfloodstheearth—Hemakesitrainforfortydaysandnightsand“openedthe windowsofheaven” o ThearkcomestorestonamountaintopandNoahsendsoutadoveandaraven.The dovecomesbackwithanoliveleaf.Noahsendsitoutagain7dayslateranditdoesnot return o GodcommandsNoahtoleavethearkwithhisfamilyand“befruitfulandmultiply” o NoahbuiltanaltarandsacrificedcleananimalsforYahweh o Yahwehestablisheshiscovenantwithallthepeopleoftheearth • Hewillneveragainfloodtheearthanddestroythepeople • Yahwehputarainbowintheskyasasignofthecovenant ThePatriarchs:Abraham,Isaac,Jacob Abraham o WhenAbramwas75yearsold,YahwehcalledhimtogofromhishomelandHaranto Canaan,thelandYahwehsaysHewillgivetoAbram’sdescendants,andpromisesto “makeofhimagreatnation” o AbramtookhiswifeSaraiandnephewLotwithhimtoCanaan o AbrambuiltanaltarforYahweh o WhenAbramwas99yearsold,YahwehmakeshiscovenantwithAbramandhis descendants • YahwehrenameshimAbraham(fatherofamultitude) • YahwehpromisestomakeanationofAbraham,thatkingswillcomefromhim,and togivehimandhisoffspringthelandofCanaan • Signofthecovenant:Godcommandsthateverymale(andeverysalvebornintheir house)shallbecircumcised(cutoffthefleshoftheirforeskin)at8daysold.An uncircumcisedmaleshouldbecutofffromhispeople o GodchangesSarai’snametoSarah,andpromisestogivethemasontobenamedIsaac • Abrahamfellonhisfaceandlaughed o Abrahamcircumcisedhimself,hissonIshmaelandallthemenofhishouse o YahwehappearstoAbrahamintheformofthreemen,andtheytellhimthatSarahwill soonhaveason • Sarahlaughedwhensheheardthembecauseshewaspost-menopauseandveryold Isaac o IsaacmarriedRebekah,sisterofLaban o Rebekahwasbarren,butYahwehgaveherasonandshebecamepregnantwithtwins • Yahwehdeclares“thetwopeoplebornofyoushallbedivided”and“theeldershall servetheyounger” o RebekahgivesbirthtoEsau(red,hairy)thenJacob(grabbingEsau’sheel) • Esau:skillfulhunter,manofthefield,fondofthegame,favoredbyIsaac • Jacob:quietman,livingintents,favoredbyRebekah o EsausellshisbirthrighttoJacobinexchangeforstewwhenhewasfamishedafter workinginthefield o IsaaccallsEsautocomesohecanblesshimbeforehedies,butfirstheasksEsauto huntgameandpreparefoodforhim o RebekahoverheardthisanddisguisedJacobashisbrother(inEsau’sgarmentsand animalskins)sothathewouldreceivethedeathbedblessing o WhenEsaucamebacktoreceivetheblessing,Isaac“trembledviolently”becausehe hadalreadygiventheblessingtoJacob o IsaacgivesEsauanotherblessingtoservehisbrother o EsauhatedJacobbecauseofallthathehadtakenfromhim(hisbirthrightandhis deathbedblessing),andhevowstokillJacob o RebekahwarnsJacobandsendshimtoHarantostaywithherbrotherLaban o RebekahfearsthatJacobwillmarryaHittitewoman Jacob o JacobarrivesinHaranandsawRachel(Laban’sdaughter)whileshewastendingtothe sheep—he“kissedherandweptaloud” o JacobworkedasakinsmanforLaban—7yearsforRachel o LabantrickedJacobintomarryinghisfirst-bornLeah o JacobmarriedRachelalsoandworkedanother7yearsforher,becausehelovedRachel o GodgaveLeahason(Reuben)becausehesawthatshewasunloved,andhemade Rachelbarren o Leahhad3moresons—Simeon,Levi,andJudah o Rachel’swasenviousthatLeahwasbearingchildren,soshegavehermaidBilhahto Jacob o Bilhahhad2sons—Dan(“hejudged”)andNaphtali o LeahalsogavehermaidZilpahtoJacob o Zilpahhad2sons—Gad(“fortune”)andAsher(“happy”) o LeahsoldRueben’smandrakestoRachelinreturnforconceivinganotherchildwith Jacob o Leahhad2moresonsandadaughter—Issachar,ZebulunandDinah o God“remembered”Rachelandsheboreason—Joseph(“headds”) o JacobaskedLabanforpermissiontoreturntohishomeland o Jacob’swagesforhisrequestaretoremoveeveryspeckled,spottedandblacksheep fromLaban’sflockandkeepthemforhimself o LabantrickedJacobbyremovingallthespeckledsheepfromhisflock,butJacob outsmartedhimandproducedmorespeckledsheepbylayingstripedrodsbeforethe strongestsheepwhiletheywerebreeding o Jacobendedupwithanincrediblystrongflock o Jacobleftwithhis2wives,2maidsand11childrentojourneybacktoCanaan o GodappearstoJacobintheformofaman(theophany-theappearanceofGodinthe formofanotherbeing)andtheywrestledthroughthenight o ThemanstruckJacobonhishipsocket,andthisexplainswhyIsraelitesdonoteatmeat fromthethigh(etiology-astoryexplainingwhysomethingishowitis) o ThemanchangedJacob’snametoIsrael(“striveswithGod”) o Israelisaneponym(awordthatreferstoanindividualandalsoagroupofpeople) o JacobsawEsauandfearedhim,butEsauembracedhim o JacobandhisfamilyarrivedinCanaan o GodappearedtoJacobinBethelandagainnamedhimIsrael,andpromisedthatnations andkingswouldcomefromhim o Rachelhasanothersonanddiesduringchildbirth—Benjamin(“sonoftherighthand”) o Jacobnowhad12sons,and1daughter o Isaacdiesat180yearsold ThePatriarchs:JacobandHisSons o OutofIsrael’sloveforJosephhemadehimarobe,andhisbrothershatedhim o Joseph’sdream’smadehisbrothershatehimmore • Joseph’sfirstdream:Hisbrothersheavesboweddowntohissheave • Joseph’sseconddream:Thesun,themoonandelevenstarsboweddowntohim o IsraelsentJosephtotendtheflockswithhisbrothersandtheyplannedtokillhim,but Reubenconvincesthemtoonlythrowhimintoapit(secretlyplanningtosavehimlater) o ThebrotherssoldJosephtotradersandtheytookhimtoEgypt o TheyputbloodonJoseph’srobeandtoldtheirfatherhewaseatenbyananimal o JosephbecameoverseerofhismasterPotiphar’shouse o Potiphar’swifetriestosleepwithJosephandherefuses,sosheaccuseshimofraping her,andJosephisthrowninjail o JosephinterpretsdreamsofPharaoh’sofficerswhileinjail • Chiefcupbearer:vinewith3branchesturnedintograpesàin3daysPharaohwill restorehimtooffice • Chiefbaker:3cakebasketswithbirdseatingfromthemàin3daysPharaohwill hanghimandbirdswilleathisflesh o Twoyearslater,JosephinterpretedPharaoh’sdreambecausethecupbearer rememberedhim • Pharaoh’s1 dream:7fatcowscameoutoftheNile,then7uglycowscameandate thefatcowsnd • Pharaoh’s2 dream:7fatearsofgrainsprout,then7thinearsofgrainswallowup thefatears • Joseph’sinterpretation:7yearsofplenty,then7yearsoffaminearecoming o PharaohmakesJosephsecondincommandoverEgypt(hisjobwastogatherandstore food),changeshisnametoZaphenath-paneah,andgiveshimAsenathashisEgyptian wife o Asenathhastwosons—Manasseh(“toforget”)andEphriam(“tobefruitful”) o Thefaminehitseveryone,notjustEgypt o Jacobsendshissons(exceptBenjaminwhomheloved)toEgypttogetfood o Joseph’sbrother’sdon’trecognizehimandheaccusesthemofbeingspies o Josephputstheminjailfor3daysandthenhetoilswiththembyputtingtheirmoney backintheirsacks o Joseph’sbrotherstellhimtheyhaveanotherbrother(Benjamin)andJosephkeeps SimeonhostageuntiltheyreturnwithBenjamin o JacobrefusestoletBenjamingo,buteventuallytheyrunoutoffoodandmustreturnto Egypt,soReubentellsJacobtokillhissonsiftheydonotreturnwithbothBenjaminand Simeon o Thebrothers(andBenjamin)returntoEgyptanddinewithJoseph,Josephweepsatthe sightofBenjamin o JosephputshissilvercupinBenjamin’ssacktogetthemintroubleandthenhereveals himselftohisbrothers o Pharaohinvitesall70ofJacob’sfamilytocomesettleinGoshen o IsraeldiedinGoshenandJosephwenttoCanaantoburyhisfather o JosephassureshisbrothersthathewontgetrevengeonthembecauseGodintendedit allforgood o Josephdied MosesandtheExodus Moses’sCall o TheIsraelitesgrewstrongandnumerous;thenewPharaohwasafraidoftheirpowerso heenslavedthem o PharaohorderedthemidwivestokilleveryboybabyandthrowthemintotheNile o MoseswasborntoaLevitecoupleandtheyputhiminabasketandfloatedhimdown theNiletoPharaoh’sdaughter o Miriam(Moses’ssister)watchedandofferedtogetaHebrewwomantonursehim (Moses’smother),andPharaoh’sdaughterraisedMoses o WhenMoseswasgrown,hekilledanEgyptianthatwasbeatinganIsraeliteslave; PharaohfoundoutandMosesfledtoMidian o Reuel,alsocalledJethro(thepriestofMidian),gavehisdaughterZipporahasawifeto Moses o Zipporahhadason:Gershom o YahwehcalledtoMosesonMountHorebfrom“ablazingbushthatwasnotconsumed” o YahwehtellsMosesofhistasktogotoEgyptandbringIsraeloutofslavery,andreturn totheMountHorebtoworshipHim;Mosestriestogetoutofit(whyme,slowat speaking,whatifPharaohsaysno,etc.) o YahwehrevealshisnametoMoses(IAM)accordingtoP&Esources o YahwehteachesMosestoturnhisstaffintoasnake o MosesandAaron(hisbrother)gotoEgypt TheTenPlagues 1. Nileturnstoblood 2. Frogs 3. Gnats 4. Flies 5. Cattlepestilence 6. Boils&sores 7. Lightening&hail 8. Locusts 9. Darkness 10. Deathoffirst-born **aftereachplagueYahwehhardensPharaoh’sheart **YahwehprotectsIsraelfromtheplagues ThePassover o YahwehtellstheIsraelitestoasktheEgyptiansforsilverandgold o YahwehcommandsthateachIsraelitehouseholdtogetapurelambandslaughteriton the14 day,putthelambbloodontheirdoorpost,eatthelamb,andstayintheirhouse thatnights o Theangelofdeathpassedoverthehouseswithbloodandsavedthemfromthefinal plague—deathofthefirst-bornofeachhousehold o TherewasaloudcrywhenYahwehgavethefinalplague,andPharaohcommandedthem toleave o YahwehtellstheIsraelites(includingallcircumcisedslaves)toobserveThePassoverevery year TheFestivalofUnleavenedBread o Yahweh ordered Israel to eat unleavened bread for 7 days after The Passover in remembrance,andonthe7 daythereshouldbeafestival o TheIsraelitesdidnothavetimetoleaventheirbreadwhenPharaohcommandedthem toleave,andthisiswhytheyeatunleavenedbread TheConsecrationoftheFirst-Born o YahwehtellsMosesthatwhentheIsraelitesaredeliveredtoCanaan,tosacrificeevery first-bornandtoredeemthefirst-bornsonswithasheep CrossingattheSeaofReeds o Pharaohandhis600chariotscameaftertheIsraelites o MosespartedtheSeaofReedsatYahweh’scommandandbyYahweh’spower o AftertheIsraeliteshadcrossedMoseslettheseadownandfloodedtheEgyptians InTheWilderness o TheIsraelitescomplainedtoMosesbecausetheywerehungry,soGodgavethemmanna (aflakeybread),butGodwouldnotsenditforthemontheSabbath;theyatemannafor 40years o TheIsraelitescomplainedtoMosesagainbecausetheywerethirsty,soGodtoldMoses tostrikearockatHorebandheprovidedwater o TheIsraelitesfoughttheAmalek,andMosesheldhishandsupsothatIsraelwon o JethroandZipporahandGershomandEliezercametoMosesinthewilderness o WithJethro’sadvice,MosesappointedstrongmenofIsraeltohelphimbeartheburden ofjudgingthepeople EncampmentatSinai o Yahwehtoldthepeople(throughMoses)toconsecratethemselvesforin3dayshewill speakdirectlytothepeople o Onthe3 day,thepeoplestoodatthefootoftheMountSinaiwhileYahwehwasfireon themountain Henotheism-allegiancetooneGodwhileconcedingthatothersalsoexist TheTenCommandments(apodicticlaw) AlsocalledtheDecalogue(“tenwords”) 1. Youshallhavenoothergodsbeforeme 2. Youshallnomakeforyourselfanidol 3. YoushallnotmakewrongfuluseofthenameofYahweh 4. RemembertheSabbathdayandkeepitholy 5. Honoryourmotherandfather 6. Youshallnotmurder 7. Youshallnotcommitadultery 8. Youshallnotsteal 9. Youshallnotbearfalsewitnessagainstyourneighbor 10. Youshallnotcovet o ThepeoplewereafraidandtheyaskedforYahwehtoonlyspeakthroughMoses o GodcalledMosesuptoMountSinaiwherethegloryofYahwehsatlikeacloudand Moseswastherefor40daysandnights o ThepeoplewereimpatientforMosessotheyhadAaronmakethemagoldencalfto worship o Yahwehwassoangrythathewasgoingtodestroythepeopleandstartoverwith Moses,butMosestalkedhimdownbyreasoningthattheEgyptianswouldthink negativelyofYahweh;Yahwehchangedhismind o MosescamedownfromtheMountwithtwostonetabletscontainingthelaw,but wassoangrythathebrokethem o MosestoldLevitestokill(orderfromYahweh)and3,000peoplediedtopayforthe sin TheBookofCovenant(caselaw) o Acollectionofstatuesandordinancesimmediatelyfollowingthetencommandments o YahwehtellsMoseshowtobuildanaltarforsacrifices o Lawsvalidatingandregulatingslavery th • Serve6yearsandgofreeonthe7 year o Punishmentformurder,kidnapping,cursing,propertydamage,etc. o Lextanionis-measureformeasurepunishment--“eyeforeye,toothfortooth” o MosesmadeanaltarwithtwelvepillarsforthetwelvetribesofIsrael o Mosesandthepeopleratifiedthecovenant • Mosesreadthecovenantandthrewbloodonthepeople o Ark of the covenant: rectangular chest on which Yahweh’s glory rests—contains cherubimstatuesthatshelterthemercyseatonwhichYahwehsitstoissuehis commandstoMoses o Tabernacle:aportabletentshrinethatYahwehwillinhabit o ThesearepartofYahweh’scult OtherLaws o YahwehteachesMoseshowtomakesacrifices • Offeramalewithoutblemishfromtheherdorflock;ifit’sabirdthena turtledoveorpigeon • Bringittoentranceofthetentofmeeting • SlaughteritbeforeYahwehonthealtaroutsideofthetentanddashit’sblood alloverthealtar • Cuttheofferingintopartsandburnit o Clean/uncleananimals • Landanimals § Clean:Anyanimalw/dividedhoofs,cleft-footedandchewsthecud § Unclean:camel,rockbadger,hare,pig • Wateranimals § Clean:anyanimalw/scalesandfins • Birds § Unclean: Eagle, vulture, osprey, buzzard, kite, ravens, ostrich, nighthawk,seagull,hawk,owl,cormorant,hen,stork,vulture,hoopoe, bat • Insects § Clean:locust,cricket,grasshopper § Unclean:allwingedinsects • Creaturesthatswarm § Unclean:mouse,weasel,greatlizard,gecko,landcrocodile,chameleon o Clean/uncleanpeople • Touch,eat,carryanuncleananimal • Childbirth § malechildàunclean7days,purificationfor33days,sheepburnt offering § femalechildàunclean14days,purification66days,sheepburnt offering • Maledischarge • Emissionofsemen/sex • Menstruation • Woman’sdischarge DayofAtonement AlsocalledYomKippur o asacrificialritualeachyeartocleansetheIsraelitesoftheirsins o Ritual: • 1goatisslaughteredforsinoffering • 1goatisthescapegoat(aninnocentbeingwhosuffersthecrimesofothers) whichbearsallthepeople’ssinsandissenttoAzazel(adesertdeity) • AaronhasdirectaccesstotheTabernacletoperformtherituals Wilderness,Wandering&Deuteronomy Israelbreakscamp • IsraelleftSinaiatthecommandofYahweh,journeyedfor3daysandsettledinthe wildernessofParan • Theyjourneyedwiththearkandthetabernacle ThePeopleComplain • TheIsraelitescomplainedagainandMosesgotfedupwithYahweh • Yahwehtransferredthespiritonto70eldersto“beartheburden”ofthepeoplewith Moses,andtheyprophesied • Yahwehprovidedquail(waytoomuch)forthepeople • MiriamandAaronbecamejealousthatYahwehspoketoMoses,andoutofangerYahweh turnedMiriamleprousfor7days SpyingOutCanaan&ThePeople’sUnfaithfulness • Mosessenttwelvemen(onefromeachtribe)tospyoutthelandofCanaanfromNegeb (regionsouthofCanaan)forfortydays • ThetwelvemenreportedthatthepeopleinCanaanwereverystrongliketheNephilim andcouldn’tbedefeated,butthatthelandwasindeedflowingwithmilkandhoney • ThepeopleimmediatelystartedcomplainingsoJoshuaandCalebtoretheirclothesand toldthepeoplenottorebelagainstYahweh • YahwehsayshewillnotdelivertheIsraelitestothepromisedlandfor40moreyears,until thatgenerationhasdiedout,exceptforCalebandJoshuaandthechildrenwhodonot knowrightfromwrong • YahwehsentaplaguetokillthemenwhospiedoutCanaan,exceptforCalebandJoshua (whowilleventuallysecureIsrael’spossessionofCanaan) • ThepeopletriedtogoontheirowntofighttheAmalekitesandtheCanaanites,butthey weredefeatedbecauseYahwehwasnotwiththem MosesatTransjordan • Mosesrecountsallofthepast40yearsofeventstotheIsraelites o ThepeoplepassedthroughSeir(Esau),Moab(Lot) o 38yearslatertheevilgenerationhadperished(Yahweh’shandwasagainstthem) o YahwehtoldMosestheyweregoingtoenterCanaan o IsraeldefeatedKingSilhonoftheAmoritesandKingOgofBashanandtooktheir land o MosespraisedYahwehcomparinghimtoother“gods”,andtoldMoseshewould notcrosstheJordan,buttostrengthenJoshuabecausehewillleadthepeopleto crosstheJordan • Statuesandordinances o TheTenCommandments o RemindsthemnottoforgetYahweh’scovenantwiththem • Shema-“Shema,Israel”=“Hear,O,Israel”,importantinJudaism,supremedeclarationof faith o Mezuzah-putonadoorpostandinscribedwiththeShema o Phylactery-Jewishmenwearthemwhenpraying,haveboxesthatcontainthe Shema ConquestTraditions FormerProphets:Joshua,Judges,Samuel,Kings LatterProphets:Isaiah,Jeremiah,Ezekiel,TheBookoftheTwelve(Hosea,Joel,Amos,Obadiah, Jonah,Micah,Nahum,Habakkuk,Zephaniah,Haggai,Zechariah,Malachi) DeuteronomistHistorians:editorsofthebooksoftheFormerProphetswhoapply Deuteronomy’sprinciplethatYahwehwillprotectIsraelfromtheirenemiesandallowthemto prosperonlywhentheyarefaithfultoHim LawCodesofHolyWar(Deuteronomy20) • FortownsNOTinthepromisedland o Iftheysubmittoyou,enslavethem o Iftheyfightyou,killallthemenandkeepthespoil(women,children&animals) • Fortownsinthepromisedland o Killeveryone—men,women,children,animals o Herem-donottakethespoil TheConquestinJoshua(Joshua1-11,24) • MoseshasdiedandJoshuaiscalledtoleadtheIsraelitesacrosstheJordanRiver(enter intothePromisedLand) • TheIsraelitesarecampedoutinShittimbeforetheycrosstheJordan • JoshuasendstomentospyoutJericho,andtheystaywithRahab,aprostitute,who protectsthemfromthekingofJericho • ThemenagreetospareRahabandherfamilywhentheyattackJericho,soshehangsa crimsoncordinherwindowtodistinguishherhouse • Priestscarrythearkofthecovenantinfrontofthepeople,leavingalargespace • Thepriests(withtheark)stepintotheJordanandthewaterceasedtoflowsothe peoplecouldcross • Joshuaorderedtwelvementosetupamemorialoftwelvestonesintheircampthat night(Gilgal) • InGilgal,JoshuacircumcisedalloftheIsraelitesandtheyobservedthePassover • ThemannastoppedthatyearandtheyatethecropsinthelandofCanaan • Joshuasaw“thecommanderofthearmyofYahweh”(theophany)andremoveshis shoesforthegroundisholy–parallelswithMoses • TheBattleofJerichoisfoughtatthecommandofYahweh o For6days,theIsraelitearmymarchesaroundthecity1time(priestscarrying theark) o Onthe7 day,theIsraelitesmarcharoundthecity7timeswhilethepriests blowtheirtrumpets(priestscarryingtheark) o Joshuacommandsthepeopletoshout,andthewallsofJerichocrumbletothe ground o Theykilledeverysinglepersonandanimalinthecity,exceptforRahabandher family o TheytookthespoilandgaveittoYahweh,accordingtothesacredban(herem— thecommandtotakenobooty) • TheDefeatofAi o God’swrathcausedtheIsraelitestobedefeatedbytheirnextconquest,Ai (“ruins”),becauseAchan(fromJudah)broketheheremandtookdevotedthings o JoshuawenttribebytribetofindtheculpritandallofIsraelstonedAchanand hisfamilytodeath o IsraelwentbackanddefeatedAibydrawingthemawayfromthecity,andthen ambushedthemandkilledeveryone o JoshuahungtheKingofAi o Israeltooktheirlivestockandspoilastheirbooty(whichYahwehcommanded themtodothistime) • PeacewithGibeonites o TheGibeonitesconvinceJoshuatheyarefromfaraway(teartheirclothes),and trickJoshuaintomakingapeacetreaty o WhenJoshuafindsoutthattheylied,hemakesthe“hewersofwood” • IsraeldefeatsfiveAmmoritekingsandtherestofthesouthernkings o AfterhearingaboutGibeon’speacewithIsrael,thekingsofJerusalem,Hebron, Jarmuth,LachishandEgloncometogethertomakewaragainstGibeon o IsraeldroveawaythefivenationswithYahweh’shelpandHethrewdownstones fromheaven o ThefivekingsfledtoacaveandwereslaughteredtherebyJoshua • JoshualedIsraeltodefeatthenorthernkings • Thelandhadrest • Joshuagiveseachofthetwelvetribesasectionoftheland • CovenantRenewal o JoshuacalledalltribestoShechem,JoshuaremindsIsraelofGodhasdonefor them o HecommandsthemtoonlyserveYahweh,andresistthetemptationtoserve theGod’softheneighboringregions o JoshuatookastoneandmadeitasanctuaryforYahweh • Joshuadiedat110yearsold TheConquestinJudges(Judges1) • Thetwelvetribestaketurnsatdefeating/attemptingtodefeattheCanaanitesin differentregions,butmanyofthemfailed • TheJudgesnarrativecontradictstheJoshuanarrative—Joshuaindicatesthatsomeof thesecitieshadalreadybeendestroyed • Archeologicalevidenceshowsthatonlysomecitiesweredestroyed,soJudgesmore accuratelyreflectsthis • Negativeconquesttradition—longlistofcitiesthatIsraelcouldn’tconquerinJudges TheJudges judge-acharismatic,spirit-filledwarriorthatwoulddeliverIsraelfromtheirenemiesuntilthey died cycle-Israelitesdoevil&followothergods,Godallowsthemtoberuledforsomeyearsby anothernation,Godsendsajudgetodeliverthem,whenthatjudgediestheIsraelitesdomore evilthanbefore Othniel(Judges3:7-11) • Israelitesdidevil—worshipedBaal(Canaanitegod)andAsherah(femaleconsortofBaal) • KingCushan-rishathaimofAramruledthemfor8years • OthnieljudgedIsraelanddeliveredthem • Restfor40years Ehud(Judges3:12–30) • Israelitesdidevil • YahwehstrengthenedKingEglonofMoab(fatguy)whoruledthem18years • Ehud(left-handed,Benjaminite)judgedIsrael • EhudwenttoElgonwhilehewasinhischamberandstabbedhim(whichkilledhim) • TheIsraelitearmydefeatedtherestofMoab • Restfor80years Deborah(Judges4-5) • IsraelitesdidevilafterEhuddied • KingJabinofCanaan(Hazor)ruledthemfor20years • DeborahjudgedIsraelandshesentBaraktokillJabin’scommanderSisera • BarakkilledallofSisera’sarmy,butSiserafledtothetentofJael(aKenite) • JaeldroveatentpegintoSisera’sskullwhilehewassleepingandkilledhim • YahwehweakenedKingJabinandtheIsraelitesdestroyedhim • DeborahandBaraksand“TheSongofDeborah”,whichattributesthevictoryover Canaantoawoman Jephthah(Judges11:1-12:7) • Jephthahwasborntoaprostitute,sohisfamilysenthimawayfromGilead(his hometown) • TheAmmoniteswereatwarwithIsrael,soGileadaskedJephthahtodeliverthem • Jephthahagreedonthetermsthathewouldbetheircommander • JephthahvowedtoYahwehtokillthepersonthatgreetshimafterthewarifHe deliveredthemfromtheAmmonites • TheIsraelitesdefeatedtheAmmonites • Jephthahsawhisdaughterandtoldherabouthisvow,sheunderstoodbutaskedthat hegivehertwomonthsto“mournhervirginity”,andthenJephthahkilledhisdaughter • AnIsraelistecustomcamefromthis—everyyearfor4daysthewomenmourntheloss ofJephthah’sdaughter • GileaddefeatedEphraimbecausetheywerequestioningJephthah Samson(Judges13-16) • Israelitesdidevil,andthePhilistinesruledthemfor40years • Manoah(aDanite)andhiswifewerebarren,butYahwehgrantedthemason • Yahwehcommandedthatthechild’shairneverbecutandproclaimsthattheboy (Samson)willdeliverIsraelfromthePhilistines • AnangelofYahwehappearedtoManoahandhiswife • Samsongrowsupandislustfulandhisweaknessiswomen • OnhiswaytomeetaPhilistinewhomhewillmarry,Samsonkilledalionbear-handed • WhenSamsonreturnsagaintomarrythePhilistine,heseesbeeseatinghoneyfromthe lion’scarcass • SamsontellsariddletothePhilistinesthattheymustsolvein7daysandtheyurgehis wifetofindoutwhatitmeans • Onthe7 daySamsontellshiswifethemeaning,shetellsthemen,andthementell Samsontheyhavesolvedit • Samsonkills30menandtakestheirspoilandfestivalgarmentsforthemen • Samson’swifewasgiventohiscompanion • SamsonburnsthePhilistinesgrainwith300foxesonfire,sotheykilledSamson’swife andfather-in-law • SamsonfledtoJudah,themenofJudahboundhimandgavehimtothePhilistineswho camelookingforhim,YahwehsetSamsonfreefromtheropes,Samsonkilledthemen withthejawboneofadonkey • Samsonhadsexwithaprostitute,heescapedformtheGaziteswhowerewaiting outsideforhimatmidnight,andpulledupthecitygatesandtookthemtothetopofa hill • SamsonfellinlovewithDelilah,andthemenofPhilistineaskedhertofindoutwhatthe secretofhisstrengthisinreturnformoney • DelilahasksSamsonmanytimesbuthetellsherstoriesthatareuntrue • Finally,SamsontellsDelilahthetruth—thathishaircannotbecut—andshecutsitwhile heissleeping • SamsonlosthisstrengthandthePhilistinesgougedouthiseyes(hebecameblind) • Samson’shairbegantogrowback,alongwithhisstrength • ThePhilistinescalledSamsonoutofprisontoperformforthem,andSamsonpulled downthetwopillarscausingthehousetocollapse,killingSamsonandallthelordsof thePhilistinesinthehouse Saul&theRiseoftheMonarchy PhilistinesCapturetheArk(1Samuel4-6) • ThePhilistineswere“seapeoples”thatcamefromtheAgeanSeatotheCoastalPlainof Canaan.Theybuiltcitiesandestablishedcivilization,becomingathreattotheIsraelites becausetheyweretechnologicallyadvanced(hadironswords) • TheIsraeliteswenttofightthePhilistines(withthearkleadingtheway),thePhilistines defeatedthemandcapturedtheark,whichdemonstratestheirgreatpower • WhenEli(Samuel’smentor)foundoutthatthearkwascaptured,hedied • ThePhilistinesbroughtthearktoAshdodintothehouseofDagon(Philistinegod) o Firstmorning:TheyfoundDagonfallenonhisface o Secondmorning:TheyfoundDagononhisfacew/headandarmscutoff • ThepeopleinAshdod,GathandEkronbrokeoutintumorsfromYahweh • ThePhilistinessenttheark(alongwithaguiltoffering)backtoIsraelonacow • ThepeopleofBeth-shemesh(Israelites)foundthecow,wereoverjoyedthatthearkhas returned,andkilledthecowasaburntoffering Samuel • Hannah—Samuel’smother • SamuelwasthelastjudgeofIsrael • YahwehthunderedatthePhilistinesandconfusedthem • DuringthedaysofSamuel’sjudgmentofIsrael,YahwehwasagainstthePhilistinesand restoredallofIsrael’sterritorytothem • SamueljudgedIsraelinBethel,GilgalandMizpah—andhishometownwasRamah SaulBecomesKing • Anti-MonarchalSource(1Samuel8:1-22;10:17-27) o AfterSamuelappointedhistwosonstojudgeIsrael,thepeoplewerenot pleasedwiththem(becausetheydidn’tfollowSamuel’sways)andtheyasked foraking o SamuelpraystoYahwehandHetellsSamuelthatthepeoplearerejectingHim again,soSamuelwarnsthepeopleoftheevilsofkingship o Thepeoplestillinsistedonaking,soYahwehtellsSamueltosetakingoverthem o Samueltakes“lots”ofallthetribestofindaking,andSaulhides(thisisnotthe pictureofaking) o Samuelmadeofbookforkingshipbeforethepeople • Pro-MonarchalSource(1Samuel9:1-10:16) o YahwehandSamuelfavorkingship o KishsendshissonSaul(handsome,Benjaminite)tolookforhisdonkeys o SaulgoestoSamueltogetajudgmentforhisfather’sdonkeys(culticprophesy) o YahwehhadtoldSamuelthathewouldbesendingSaul,andthathewouldbe thekingofIsrael o SamueltellsSaulthathisdonkeyshavebeenfoundandSauleatswithSamuel o SamuelanointsSaulwithoiltoruleIsrael o OnSaul’swayhomehemetabandofprophetsandprophesizedwiththemasa signfromGod(ecstaticprophecy) o SauldeliveredIsraelfromtheAmmonites o SamuelanointedSaulaskinginGilgalinfrontofallofIsrael SaulDisobeysGod(1Samuel15) • SamuelinstructsSaul(throughGod)toattacktheAmalekites,anddeclarestheherem lawforthisbattle • SauldefeatedtheAmalekites,buthesparedKingAgagandtookspoil(whichhe intendedtosacrificetoGod) • God“regrets”makingSaulkingbecausehedidnotobey,anddeclaresthatHerejects SaulfromkingshipoverIsrael DavidandSaul SamuelAnointsDavid(1Samuel16:1-13) • GodprovidesanotherkingforIsrael • SamuelwenttoJesseinBethlehemtofindthekingfromoneofhis8sons • Samuelanointed(crowned)Jesse’ssonDavid(ruddy,beautifuleyes,handsome, shepherd)tobeking,andthespiritofGodenteredhim DavidEntersSaul’sCourt • Version1(1Samuel16:14-23) o Meanwhile,Saulisbeingtormentedbyanevilspirit,sohisservantscalledDavid toplaythelyreforSaultosoothehim o DavidentersSaul’scourt(becameSaul’sarmorbearer)andSaullovedhim • Version2(1Samuel17:1-18:9) o ThePhilistinesandIsraelwerelinedupforbattle,andeveryday(for40days) Goliath(aPhilistinegiant)cameforwardtoissuehischallengetoIsraelbutno onewouldstepup o JessesentDavidtothebattlefronttobringfoodtohisbrothers o DavidstepsuptoGoliath o DavidconvincesSaultolethimfightGoliathbytalkingabouthisexperiences whileguardinghissheep o SaulgaveDavidhisarmortowearbutitdidn’tfithim o DavidkilledGoliathwithasling&stone,andthencutsoffhisheadandthe Philistinesfled o SaulheardwomensingingasongaboutDavid’ssuccessandfromthenonSaul hatesDavid SaulPlotstoKillDavid(1Samuel18:10-1924) • SaultriedtokillDavidonedaywhilehewasplayingthelyre • SaulmadeDavidthecommanderofhisarmy,andDavidalwayshadsuccessbecause Godwaswithhim • SaulgiveshisdaughterMerebtoSaul,butthenallowshertomarryanotherman • Saul’sotherdaughterMichallovedDavidandSaulusesthisasanotheropportunityto getridofDavid • SaulasksforonehundredPhilistineforeskinsinreturnformarryinghisdaughter, assumingDavidwouldbekilledinthispursuit,butDavidreturnswiththeforeskins • Jonathan(Saul’sson)lovedDavidandwarnedhimthatSaulwasgoingtokillhim,and pleadswithSaulforDavid • SaulagaintriedtokillDavidwhilehewasplayingthelyre,soDavidfledandMichal snuckhimoutthewindow • DavidwenttoSamueltoescape,andwhenSaulandhismessengerscametoSamuelin pursuitofDavid,theyfellintoapropheticfrenzy DavidSeeksRefugeWiththePhilistines(1Samuel27) • KingAchish(Philistinecommander)givesZiklag(Philistinecity)toDavid • WhileDavidwaswithAchish,hewouldmakeraidsagainstenemiesofIsrael,butwould tellAchishthathewasraidingIsraelitself,soAchishtrustedhim DeathofJonathanandSaul(1Samuel31) • PhilistinesgatheredtheirforcesatAphekandIsraelatJezreel • ThePhilistinesdidnotwantDavidtogowiththeminbattlesoAchishsenthimbackto Ziklag • ThePhilistineskilledJonathanonMountGilboa,andSaulfellontohissword(afterhis armor-bearerrefusedtokillhim)beforethePhilistinescouldkillhim DavidandThroneSuccessionNarrative DavidAnointedKingofJudah(2Samuel2) • AnAmalekitecametoDavidandtoldhimthatSaulandJonathanhaddied,claimingto havekilledSaulonhiscommand.Davidmournedforthem • GodtoldDavidtogotoHebroninJudah,andthepeopleofJudahanointedhimking • Abner(commanderofSaul’sarmy)tookIshbaal(Saul’sson)tobekingoverallofIsrael (exceptJudah) • AbnerandIshbaalmetJoab(commanderofDavid’sarmy)andDavidinGibeontoduel, andDavidwon • JoabpursuedAbnerbuthegotaway AbnerPlotsIshbaal’sOverthrow(2Samuel3-4) • AbnerbecamestrongeranddecidedtooverthrowIshbaalandgivethekingdomto David(becausehewasjealousofIshbaal) • AbnerwenttoDavidthathewouldgiveallofIsraeltohim,andDavidaskedforMichal • JoabwasupsetthatDavidletAbnergetaway,soJoabkilledAbnerhimself • DavidmournedandmadeeveryonemournforAbner • Threebrothers(assassins)killedIshbaalinhissleep,andDavidkilledthemfortheir wrongdoing CityofDavid(2Samuel5-6) • IsraelcametoDavidatHebronandanointedhimkingofIsrael,andhereigned40years • DaviddefeatedtheJebusitesatJerusalemanditbecametheCityofDavid(Zion) • DavidbuilthiskingdominJerusalem • ThePhilistinescameafterDavidwhentheyheardhewasking,andhedefeatedthem timeaftertime • DavidbroughtthearkofthecovenanttotheCityofDavidandplaceditinatent,Michal seeshimand“despiseshim”(andneverhadachild) DavidicCovenant(2Samuel7) • Davidwantstobuildatemplefortheark • GodcomestoNathan(David’scourtprophet)concerningthebuildingofatempleand givinghimthewordsoftheDavidicCovenant—GodwillmakeakingdomofDavidforever ThroneSuccession(2Samuel11-19;1Kings1-2) • WhileJoabandallthemenwereatwar,DavidwasinJerusalemandhadanaffairwitha marriedwomanBathsheba,andshegotpregnant • DavidcalledUriah(Bathsheba’shusband)fromwarbacktoJerusalemsothathewould sleepwithhiswifeandthechildwouldappeartobeUriah’s,butUriahrefusedtotake pleasureinhishousewhenhismenwerestillatwar • DavidsentalettertoJoabandtoldhimtomakesureUriahdiesatwar • NathantellsDavidthestoryofarichmanandapoorman,indicatingthatDavidistherich manthatthestorycondemns,andthentellsDavidthathewillbetroubledandhisson (bornbyBathsheba)willdie • DavidandBathshebahadanotherchild,Solomon • Amnon(David’sfirstbornson)lustedafterhishalf-sisterTamar(David’sdaughter,a virgin)andherapedher • TamarwenttostaywithherbrotherAbsalom(David’sson),andAbsalomhatedAmnon • DavidfoundoutbutdidnotpunishAmnon • Twoyearslater,AbsalomkilledAmnonandthenfledwhileDaviddeeplymournedhis son’sdeath • JoabandawomanfromTekoadeviseaplanagainstDavidtobringAbsalomback • DavidcalledAbsalombacktoJerusalem • AbsalomsetJoab’sfieldonfiretogethisattention,andthenaskedtobeinthepresence ofDavid,whokissedhimwhenhesawhim • AbsalomaskshisfatherforpermissiontogotoHebron(capitalofJudah)to“worship”, andhestartsarebellionagainstDavid,andAhithophel(David’scounselor)goeswith Absalom • WhenDavidheardoftherebellion,hetookhiswholehouseholdandfledfromJerusalem • DavidsentthearktoAbsalomandleftthefateuptoGod • DavidwenttoMountofOlivesandmetHushai(friendofDavid’s)—DavidtellsHushaito stayinJerusalemandconvinceAbsalomthathewillbeatraitorlikeAhithophel,buthe willactuallybeaspyforDavid • AhithophelconvincesAbsalomtosleepwithDavid’sconcubines • AbsolamseekscounselfromAhithophelandHushai o AhithopheltellsAbsalomthathewillimmediatelypursueDavidandkillhim,and bringbacktherestofthepeopletoJerusalem o HushaitellsAbsalomthatDavidisanexpertatwarandthatAhithophel’splanis notgood,butinsteadallofIsraelshouldgotowaragainstDavidinpersoninorder tobuyDavidtime o AbsalomtookHushai’sadvice,soAhithophelhunghimself • HushaisentwordtoDavidinstructinghimtocrosstheJordantoMahanaim • DavidstayedinMahanaimwhilehistroopswenttofightIsrael,butinstructedthemnot tokillAbsalomhisbelovedson • David’stroopscounterattackAbsalom’sforcesinEphriam,soAbsalomfleesandgets stuckinatree • David’sforcescomeuponAbsalombutdon’tkillhimbecauseofDavid’sinstructionto protecthisson • JoabcomesandkillsAbsalom,upsetthatthetroopshasn’talreadydoneit • ACushitemessengertellsDavidtheresultofthewarandthatAbsalomisdead,andDavid deeplymournshissonandmakesallofthetroopsmourntoo • JoabscoldedDavidformakinghistroopsmournwhentheyjusthadagreatdefeat • WhenDavidgetsold,AbishagbecameKingDavid’sconcubinetokeephimwarm • AdonijahwasinlineforthethroneandJoabsupportedhim,butNathandidnot • NathandevisedaplanwithBathshebatogetSolomontobeking(GodchoosesSolomo) o BathshebaremindsDavidthatheoncetoldherSolomonwillsucceedhim(don’t knowifthatactuallyhappened) o NathanalsocomesinandinformsDavidthatAdonijahhasmadehimselfking o DavidagreestomakeSolomonking • SolomonridesDavid’smulethroughtownandNathananointshimking • AdonijahwasafraidofSolomon,butSolomonagreedtonotkillhimunlesshedoesevil • DavidisabouttodieandhewarnedSolomonaboutJoabandtoldhimtowalkintheway oftheLord • Daviddies • AdonijahgoestoBathshebaandasksforAbishagtobehiswife,andKingSolomonputs Adonijahtodeathbecauseofhisrequest • JoabwasupsetbythedeathofAdonijah,sohefledtothealtarofGod,andKingSolomon hadhimkilled • Messiah—“Yahweh’sappointed” SummaryoftheThroneSuccession Amnon—KilledbyAbsalomforrapingTamar Absalom—killedbyJoab(againstDavid’sorders)forrebellion Adonijah—lostsupportaskingwhenDavidanointedSolomon,Solomonhashimkilled Solomon—proclaimedkingbyDavid,reignedfrom961-922BCE Solomon’sReignandItsAftermath Solomon’sReign • WhenSolomoncametorule,therewaspeaceandprosperity • Solomon’swisdom(1Kings3) o God appears to Solomon in a dream and Solomon asks God for a wise and discerningmind—GodissopleasedwithSolomon’srequestthatHegiveshima wiseanddiscerningmind,riches,andalonglife o Solomondiscernsbetween2prostitutes(1Kings3:16-28) § Bothwomenhadbabiesatthesametime § Oneofthewomenrollsoverherbabyinhersleep,andswitchesitwiththe otherwoman’sbaby § Theotherwomanknewthatthedeadbabywasnothers,sotheygoto Solomonforjudgment § Solomonoffersasolutiontotestthem—hesayshewillsplitthebabyin halfforthewomentoshare § Onewomanagreestothis,andtheothersaystolettheboylive § Solomonknowsthatamotherwouldwantherbabytolive,sohediscerns thatthewomenthatwantedthebabytoliveisthebaby’srealmother o AllofIsraelknewofSolomon’swisdom • Solomonbuildsapermanenthome(temple)fortheark(1Kings8) o Solomonusesforcedlaborofhispeople o Thetemplewasamassiveprojectandittook7yearstobuild o AllofIsraelcametogetherinJerusalemandSolomondedicatedthetemple § Thearkwasbroughtintothetemple,andthegloryofYahwehfilledthe temple § Solomonsacrificedthousandsofanimalsaswell-beingofferings(aHUGE feast)andprayedtoGod o The people no longer worshiped at high places as they did before, but only sacrificedtoYahwehinthetemple Solomon’sLoveofForeignWomen(1Kings11) • SolomonlovedthedaughterofPharaoh • Solomonhad700wivesand300concubinesandheallowedthemtobuildaltarsfortheir nativegodsinJerusalem—theyturnedhisheartawayfromGod • GodappearedtoSolomontwicebutSolomondidnotlisten,soGodpromisestosplitIsrael andgiveonlyonetribetoSolomon’sson • GodraisedadversariesagainstSolomontopunishhim TheKingdomDividesin922BC(1Kings11-14) • JeroboamrebelledagainstSolomon o SolomonhadmadeJeroboaminchargeofallforcedlabor o TheprophetAhiljahtearshisgarmentinto12piecesandtellsJeroboamthatGod isabouttotearthekingdomapartandgivehim10ofthetribes,andthatGodwill bewithhimifJeroboamobeys o SolomonheardthisandwantedtokillJeroboam,soJeroboamfledtoEgyptto KingShishakandstayedthereuntilSolomondied o SolomondiedandRehoboamsucceededhim o JeroboamreturnedfromEgyptwhenSolomondiedandheandthepeopleasked Rehoboamtolightentheirburden o KingRehoboamgotadvicefromtheoldermenandtheyoungermen,andhechose totaketheyoungermen’sadvice—tomakethepeople’sburdenevenheavier thanhisfatherdid o ThenortherntribesofIsraelcalledJeroboamtobetheirking,andJudah(and Benjamin)wereloyaltoRehoboam o Rehoboamwaspreparedtofightthenortherntribes,butGodspoketoShemaiah andtoldhimnottofightIsraelandthatGodmadethishappen o JeroboamdidnotwantthepeopletoworshipinJerusalemforfearthatthey wouldreturntoRehoboam,sohebuiltanaltaratDanandBethelwithgolden calvesforthepeopletoworship o A man came to Jeroboam while he was at Bethel and spoke God’s word— predictingthebirthofJosiah,declaringthatthealtarswillbetorndown,andhe cutoffJeroboam’shand(whichhereturnedtohimminuteslater) o Onthisman’swayhome,aprophetfromBetheldeceivedhimbybringinghimin toeatwithhim,andalionendedupeatingtheman • After922BCE,Israelreferstothenortherntribes,andJudahisseparate • JeroboamdroveIsraelintotheirsinfulwaysandallofthekingsthatfollowedwalkedlike Jeroboamdid TheDeuteronomisticReportontheFallofIsrael TheDeuteronomisticPerspective • ThestoriesarethekingsaremostlytoldbyDeuteronomisticHistorianswhoarefrom Judah,andthereforeareverybiasedagainstthenortherntribesandcondemnthekings ofturningthepeoplefromYahweh • GodcametotheprophetJehuspeakingagainstBaashaandcondemninghimoftheevils hedidduringhiskingship • ElahruledafterBaasha • Zimri(Elah’sservant)killedElahandsucceededhim • Zimrikilledoffthe“houseofBaasha”andonlyruledforoneweek • IsraeldecidedtomakeOmri(commanderofthearmy)theirkingandtheyoverthrew Zimri,whoburnedhimselfintheking’shouseanddied • OmribuildthecityofSamaria • AhabsucceededOmriandruledinSamaria • AhabmarriedJezebelandworshippedBaalwithher • AhabbuiltahouseforBaalinSamaria • NabothlivednexttoKingAhab’spalaceandAhabwanteditforhimself • JezebelhadNabothkilledsothatherhusbandcouldhavehisvineyard • GodcametoElijahandinstructedhimtotellAhabthatheandJezebelwillbedestroyed, butAhabhumbledhimselfbeforeGodsohedecidedtodestroyAhab’ssoninstead • GodcallsElishatogotoJehu,anointhimkingofIsraelandinstructhimtodestroythe houseofAhab • JehuwenttoJezreelandkilledJoram(currentkingofIsrael),hismotherJezebel,and KingAhaziahofJudah(hewastherevisitingJoram) • JehuoverthrewtheOmriDynasty • Jehukilledall70ofAhab’ssons,fulfillingGod’swordstoElijah • JehucameacrossfamilyofAhaziahandkilledthemalso • JehuwipedoutBaalfromIsrael(killedallBaalworshipers,destroyedthepillarand templeofBaal),buthecontinuedtoallowtheIsraelitestoworshipatDanandBethel, Israelbegantolosesomeoftheirterritory • JeroboamIIruledoverIsraelandrecoveredsomelostterritory,Israelisveryprosperous duringhisreign • Hoshea(lastkingofIsrael)reignedoverIsraelandtheAssyrianKingShalmanesercame againsthim,Hosheatriedtopayhimoff,butAssyriainvadedSamariaandcapturedthe peopleandbroughtthemintoAssyria • OthercitiestookpossessionofSamaria,soGodsentlionstokillthembecausethey servedtheirowngods • GoddestroyedIsraelbecauseofalltheevilthepeoplehaddoneovertheyears,soonly Judahremained • FallofSamariain721BCE ClassicalProphecy&Amos • TheLatterProphets o Major:Isaiah,Jeremiah,Ezekiel o Minor:TheBookoftheTwelve(Hosea,Joel,Amos,Obadiah,Jonah,Micah, Nahum,Habakkuk,Zephaniah,Haggai,Zechariah,Malachi) • TheRiseofProphecyinIsrael o Ecstaticprophets—Earlyformofprophecywheretheprophetwasfilledwiththe spiritanddanceor“fallintoafrenzy”beforeGod § Saul’sprophecywiththebandofprophets o Culticprophets—Prophetsassociatedwithaplacewhereritualoccurred(high places)andpeoplewouldgothereforadvice,a“seer” § WhenSaulgoestoSamueltoinquireabouthisfather’sdonkeys o Courtprophets—memberoftheking’scourtwhowouldbringjudgmentsfrom Godtotheking § Nathan • Elijahwasatransitionalprophetwholedtoclassicalprophecy • Classicalprophet:prophetwhosewritingsarecollectedandformabook o Speakpropheticoracles—anannouncementofwhatGodhastosay 1. Introduction–“ThusSaysYahweh” 2. SpeechofInvective–“Because…”(pastorpresentactionofpeople) 3. WordofJudgment–“Therefore…”(futureactionofYahweh) 4. Conclusion–“SaysYahweh” o Havepropheticvisions o Dopropheticacts—astrangeactthattriestosendamessage Elijah(1Kings17-18) • ElijahannouncestoKingAhabthebeginningofadroughtsentbyGod • GodprotectsElijahinhidingandprovidesfoodforhim,firstbyaravenandthensend himtoawidowwhoGodsayswillfeedhim.Godprovidedenoughfoodforthemand thewholehousehold • WhileElijahwaswiththewoman,hersondiedandsheblamedElijah.Elijahcalledout toGodforthesonandhersoncamealiveagain • Now3yearsintothedrought,GodtellsElijahtogobacktoAhab • ElijahseesObadiah,tellshimtoinformAhabthatElijahishere,butObadiahtellsElijah thatheisafraidbecauseAhabhassenthimeverywherelookingforElijahandwillkill himifElijahdisappearsagain,butElijahcomfortshim • AhabandElijahmeet,andElijahcalls450Baalprophetsand450Asherahprophetsto MountCarmel,butonlyhimselfasaprophetofGod • ElijahstagesacontestbetweenYahwehandBaal o Each“side”takesabull,cutsitintopieces,andlaysitonwood o TheyeachcallonnameofBaalandYahwehtosendfiretothebulltoseewhich godisreal o ElijahmockedtheBaalprophetswhentheirgoddidnotanswer o ElijahbuiltanaltarforYahwehwith12stones(foreachtribe)andhepoured wateralloverthealtar o ElijahcalledonYahwehandheanswered,sendingfire • ElijahkilledalloftheBaalprophets • Afterallofthis,itbegantorain Amos(Amos1-5,7) • AmoswasashepherdinTekoaandbecameaprophetduringKingUzziahofJudahand KingJeroboamIIofIsrael • OraclesAgainsttheNations o Amosfirstspeaksagainsttheen

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 7, Problem 29E is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Other solutions

People also purchased

Related chapters

Unlock Textbook Solution

Enter your email below to unlock your verified solution to:

Visualizing ConceptsIn the following reaction which sphere