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Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward ISBN: 9780321696724 27

Solution for problem 77E Chapter 7

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

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Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

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Problem 77E

Problem 77E

Group Trends in Metals and Nonmetals (Sections)

Compare the elements bromine and chlorine with respect to the following properties:

(a) electron configuration,

(b) most common ionic charge,

(c) first ionization energy,

(d) reactivity toward water,

(e) electron affinity,

(f) atomic radius. Account for the differences between the two elements.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Friday, September 2, 2016 Chapter 2: Atoms and Elements Law of Conservation of Mass -Lavoisier - In a chemical reaction, Matter is nighter created nor destroyed - the total mass of the materials you have before the reaction must equal the total mass of the materials you have after the reaction - Total mass of reactants = Total mass of products - Example: mass (Na) + mass ( Cl2) mass (NaCl2) 7.7g Na + 11.9g Cl2 19.6g NaCl2 - in the example we did not make nor destroy matter - simply added together. Law of Definite Proportions - Proust - All samples of a given compound, regardless of their source or how they were prepared, have the same proportions of their constituent elements. - Law of Multiple Proportions - Dalton When 2 elements, A and B, form 2 different compounds, the masses of B that combine with 1 g of A can be expressed as a ratio of small, whole numbers. 1 Friday, September 2, 2016 Dalton Theory Elements: Are composed of super small partials-Atoms - all atoms of a given element are identical. Compounds: composed of more than one element Chemical Reactions only involve the rearrangement of atoms. Atoms are not created or destroyed in chemical reactions. Atoms Atoms- basic unit of elements- super small particles - Has electrical charge - Positive(+) and Negative(-) - opposite charges attract (+)(-) - like charges repel (+)(+), (-)(-)

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 7, Problem 77E is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

The full step-by-step solution to problem: 77E from chapter: 7 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 04/03/17, 07:58AM. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. Since the solution to 77E from 7 chapter was answered, more than 475 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This full solution covers the following key subjects: electron, elements, Group, bromine, Charge. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 49 chapters, and 5471 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. The answer to “Group Trends in Metals and Nonmetals (Sections)Compare the elements bromine and chlorine with respect to the following properties: (a) electron configuration, (b) most common ionic charge, (c) first ionization energy, (d) reactivity toward water, (e) electron affinity, (f) atomic radius. Account for the differences between the two elements.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 48 words.

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