Group Trends in Metals and Nonmetals (Sections)
(a) As described in Section, the alkali metals react with hydrogen to form hydrides and react with halogens to form halides. Compare the roles of hydrogen and halogens in these reactions. How are the forms of hydrogen and halogens in the products alike?
(b) Write balanced equations for the reaction of fluorine with calcium and for the reaction of hydrogen with calcium. What are the similarities among the products of these reactions?
Chapter 7 Relevant Key Terms 1. SN2: 1 step mechanism, x leaving and y inserting at same time, both arrows drawn at once, 1 transition state, 0 intermediates, Back-Side Attack, Inversion Configuration, “RDS” Rate Determining step - bimolecular - 2 molecules involved, 2. SN1: 2 step mechanism, “RDS” Rate Determining Step - Unimolecular - 1 molecule involved, Racemization of Stereochemistry (R to R,S) 3. Solvolysis: hen the solvent functions as the nucleophile 4. Alkyl Halide: chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens a. Alpha Position: the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group b. Beta Position: second carbon atom attached to the