Problem 84AE

We saw in Chapter 6 that the probability of finding an electron in three-dimensional space depends on what orbital it is in. Look back at Figures 6.19 and 6.22, which show the radial probability distribution functions for the s orbitals and contour plots of the 2p orbitals, respectively. (a)Which orbitals, 2s or 2p, have more electron density at the nucleus? (b) How would you modify Slater’s rules to adjust for the difference in electronic penetration of the nucleus for the 2s and 2p orbitals?

Reference

Chapter 8: bivariate correlational research - When you see two things that are related, and you think are related, but actually have nothing to do with one another To be causal - Covariance - Internal validity - Temporal precedence Correlational strength - As you get a measurement change by this much on this chart or whatever - You get the same ratio change on the other chart for the other variable - This means that they are changing at the same rate o Either moving at the same amount in the same direction [perfect correlation o Or moving at the same amount in the opposite direction [perfect correlation - When they don’t move at the same rate; imperfect correlation – this is what r