Solved: Estimating Numbers of Atoms Without using a

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Problem 2PE Chapter 3.7SE

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Problem 2PE

Estimating Numbers of Atoms Without using a calculator, arrange these samples in order of increasing numbers of carbon atoms: 12 g 12C, 1 mol C2H2, 9 * 10^23 molecules of CO2. Without using a calculator, arrange these samples in order of increasing numbers of 0 atoms: 1 mol H2O, 1 mol CO2, 3 x 10^23 molecules of O3.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 2PE Step 1 In the question they have given amounts of three substances expressed in grams ,moles ,and number of molecules and we have to arrange them in increasing order of number of carbon atoms . To know the number of atoms present in the given compound we have to use avogadro's law To determine the number of C atoms in each sample, we must convert 12 g 12 C, 1 mol C2H2, and 9 * 10^23 molecules CO2 to numbers of C atoms. To make these conversions, we use the definition of mole and Avogadro’s number . Step 2 Avogadro's number: Avogadro’s number, number of units in one mole of any substance (defined as its molecular weight in grams), equal to 6.022140857 × 1023. The units may be electrons, atoms, ions, or molecules, depending on the nature of the substance and the character of the reaction . One mole is defined as a mole is the unit of measurement in the International System of Units (SI) for amount of substance. It is defined as the amount of a chemical substance that contains as many representative particles, e.g., atoms, molecules, ions, electrons, or photons, as there are atoms in 12 grams of carbon-12 ( C), the isotope of carbon with relative atomic mass 12 by definition. This number is expressed by the Avogadro constant, which has a value of 6.022140857×10 mol , which is just over 602 sextillion. The mole is one of the base units of the SI, and has the unit symbol mol. Step 3 One mole is defined as the amount of matter that contains as many units of the matter as there are C atoms in exactly 12 g of 12 C. Thus, 12 g of 12 C contains 1 mol of C atoms = 6.02 * 10^23 C atoms. One mol of C2H2 contains 6.02 * 10^23 C2H2 molecules. Because there are two C atoms in each molecule, this sample contains 12.04 * 10^23C atoms. Because each CO2 molecule contains one C atom, the CO2 sample contains 9 * 10^23C atoms. Hence, the order is 12 g 12 C (6 * 10^23 C atoms) < ( 9 * 10^23) CO2 molecules (9*10^23 C atoms)<1 mol of C2H2(12*10^23)C atoms.

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Chapter 3.7SE, Problem 2PE is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3rd
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3rd. This full solution covers the following key subjects: mol, atoms, Numbers, arrange, Using. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 82 chapters, and 9464 solutions. Since the solution to 2PE from 3.7SE chapter was answered, more than 255 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 2PE from chapter: 3.7SE was answered by Sieva Kozinsky, our top Chemistry solution expert on 02/22/17, 04:35PM. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. The answer to “Estimating Numbers of Atoms Without using a calculator, arrange these samples in order of increasing numbers of carbon atoms: 12 g 12C, 1 mol C2H2, 9 * 10^23 molecules of CO2. Without using a calculator, arrange these samples in order of increasing numbers of 0 atoms: 1 mol H2O, 1 mol CO2, 3 x 10^23 molecules of O3.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 58 words.

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