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Solved: Calculating an Empirical Formula Ascorbic acid

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro ISBN: 9780321809247 1

Solution for problem 2PE Chapter 3.13SE

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Problem 2PE

Calculating an Empirical Formula Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) contains 40.92% C, 4.58% H, and 54.50% 0 by mass. What is the empirical formula of ascorbic acid? A 5.325-g sample of methyl benzoate, a compound used in the manufacture of perfumes, contains 3.758 g of carbon, 0.316 g of hydrogen, and 1.251 g of oxygen. What is the empirical formula of this substance?

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 2PE Step 1 Empirical formula :Empirical formula" is a REAL IMPORTANT concept. Here's the definition: the formula of a compound expressed as the smallest possible whole-number ratio of subscripts of the elements in the formula For example, CH COOH has two carbons, four hydrogens and two oxygens. So we could write 3 the formula like this: C242nd so it reduces to CH O2 below describes the steps involved in calculating an empirical formula. the method for converting percentage composition to an empirical formula. Percent to mass. Mass to mole. Divide by small. Multiply 'til whole. Step 2 Per cent to mass: Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) contains 40.92% C, 4.58% H, and 54.50% 0 by mass. Carbon =40.92%.=40.92g Hydrogen =4.58%=4.58g Oxygen =54.50%=54.50g. Step 3 Mass to mole : Carbon =40.92 g of C*1 mol of C/12.2g of C=3.35moles. Hydrogen =4.58 g of H*1 mol of H/1.008 g of H=4.54moles . Oxygen =54.50 of O*1 mol of O/16.0g of O=3.40 moles . Step4 Divide by small: Determine mole ratios by dividing the moles for each element by the smallest number of moles. C: 3.407mol/3.406mol=1.000 H: 4.54mol/3.406mol=1.33 H: 3.406mol/3.406mol=1.000

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Chapter 3.13SE, Problem 2PE is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

Since the solution to 2PE from 3.13SE chapter was answered, more than 307 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “Calculating an Empirical Formula Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) contains 40.92% C, 4.58% H, and 54.50% 0 by mass. What is the empirical formula of ascorbic acid? A 5.325-g sample of methyl benzoate, a compound used in the manufacture of perfumes, contains 3.758 g of carbon, 0.316 g of hydrogen, and 1.251 g of oxygen. What is the empirical formula of this substance?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 62 words. This full solution covers the following key subjects: formula, empirical, acid, ascorbic, contains. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 82 chapters, and 9454 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 2PE from chapter: 3.13SE was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 02/22/17, 04:35PM.

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Solved: Calculating an Empirical Formula Ascorbic acid

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