: A fertilizer railroad car carrying 34,300 gallons of

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Problem 108 Chapter 4

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Problem 108

108: A fertilizer railroad car carrying 34,300 gallons of commercial aqueous ammonia (30% ammonia by mass) tips over and spills. The density of the aqueous ammonia solution is 0.88 g/cm3. What mass of citric acid, C(OH)(COOH)(CH2COOH)2, (which contains three acidic protons) is required to neutralize the spill? 1 gallon = 3.785 L.

Step-by-Step Solution:
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Solution 108: Here, we are going to calculate the mass of citric acid required to neutralize the spill. Step1: Volume of the ammonia solution used = 34,300 gallons = 34,300 x 3.785 litres [1 gallon = 3.785 litres] = 129825.5 L =129825.5 x 1000 cm 3 [1 L = 1000 cm ] 3 = 1.298 x 10 cm 3 Now, density is defined as mass per unit volume, i.e., Density = mass / volume Therefore, mass = density X volume 8 3 3 3 = 0.88 x 1.298 x 10 cm [(g/cm ) X cm ] = 1.14 x 10 g 8 Thus, mass of the aqueous ammonia solution used = 1.14 x 10 g 8 Step2: Since, the solution contains 30 % ammonia by mass, therefore, 8 Mass of ammonia = (30/100) x 1.14 x 10 g = 0.30 x 1.14 x 10 g 8 8 = 0.342 x 10 g 7 = 3.42 x 10 g Molar...

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Chapter 4, Problem 108 is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3rd
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

The answer to “108: A fertilizer railroad car carrying 34,300 gallons of commercial aqueous ammonia (30% ammonia by mass) tips over and spills. The density of the aqueous ammonia solution is 0.88 g/cm3. What mass of citric acid, C(OH)(COOH)(CH2COOH)2, (which contains three acidic protons) is required to neutralize the spill? 1 gallon = 3.785 L.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 52 words. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. This full solution covers the following key subjects: ammonia, cooh, mass, aqueous, fertilizer. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 82 chapters, and 9464 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 108 from chapter: 4 was answered by Sieva Kozinsky, our top Chemistry solution expert on 02/22/17, 04:35PM. Since the solution to 108 from 4 chapter was answered, more than 637 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3rd.

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