Explain how the high specific heat capacity of water can affect the weather in coastal regions.
Solution: Here, we are going to label the given statements as true or false. Step1: a) The statement is false. The frequency of radiation decreases as the wavelength increases. The relation between wavelength() and frequency() of radiation is given by: = c / , where c is the velocity of light. The relation above shows that frequency is inversely proportional to the wavelength of light, i.e., as the wavelength increases, frequency decreases and vice-versa. Step2: b) The statement is true. Electromagnetic radiation travels through vacuum at a constant speed( 3 x 10 ms ). The-1 speed of the radiation in independent of the wavelength. Step3: c) The statement is false. Infrared light has lower frequencies than visible light. The frequency range of infrared radiation is 430 THz to 300 GHz and that of visible radiation is 430 - 770 THz. Step4: d) The statement is false. The glow from a fireplace and the energy within a microwave oven are forms of electromagnetic radiation but a foghorn blast is a form of sound wave. ------------------