(a) (Calculus required) Let D: P3 P2 be the differentiation transformation D(p) = p (x). What is the kernel of D? (b) (Calculus required)Let J : P1 R be the integration transformation J (p) = . 1 1 p(x) dx. What is the kernel of J ?

● Population Variance ○ If N is the number of values in a population with mean mu, and xi represents each individual in the population, the the population variance is found by: ○ σ 2 = sumN i=1 (xi − µ) 2 N ○ and the population standard deviation is the square root, σ = √ σ 2. ○ Most of the time we are working with a sample...