Osmosis always involves (a) a selectively permeable membrane, (b) a difference in solvent concentration, (c) diffusion, (d) active transport, (e) a, b, and c.

Null hypothesis (H ):0A hypothesis that is being tested; it is usually framed in terms of ‘zero’, ‘nothing’ or ‘no difference’ Alternative hypothesis (H or A ): A 1ypothesis that is mutually exclusive with H ; it need no0 form a partition with H ,0but usually does Test statistic: A random variable used to assess the evidence against H 0 p-value: Given a value for the test statistic,...