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The tendency to gain electrons is a fundamental property of the elements

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781439049402 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste ISBN: 9781439049402 426

Solution for problem 72 Chapter 4

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781439049402 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

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Problem 72

The tendency to gain electrons is a fundamental property of the elements.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Chapter 8 Advanced Theories of Chemical Bonding 8.1 Valence Bond Theory  Valence bond theory describes a covalent bond as the overlap of half-filled atomic orbitals (each containing a single electron) that yield a pair of electrons shared between the two bonded atoms  Orbitals on two different atoms overlap when portions of two orbitals occupy the same region of space  2 conditions must be met: 1. An orbital on one atom overlaps an orbital on a second atom 2. The single electrons in each orbital combine to form an electron pair  More overlap  stronger covalent bond  Energy of system depends on how much the orbitals overlap  Number of covalent bonds depends on number unpaired electrons 8.2 Hybrid Atomic

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 4, Problem 72 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Edition: 7
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
ISBN: 9781439049402

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The tendency to gain electrons is a fundamental property of the elements