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Solutions for Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781439049402 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste 9781439049402

Solution for problem 46 Chapter 12

For each of the following pairs, indicate which species is larger. Explain your

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition


Problem 46

For each of the following pairs, indicate which species is larger. Explain your reasoning in terms of the electron structure of each species. a. Li or F c. Ca2 or Ca b. Na or Cl d. Cs or I

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Chapter 1-Structure and Bonding Structure • Organic molecules are composed of carbons and hydrogens o Based off a carbon skeleton or backbone, so where ever you see a carbon there will be a hydrogen bonded to it o Simple structure equation: CH2+2 ▪ n is the number of carbon atoms present Periodic Trends • valence electrons: outer shell electrons used for bonding o amount of valence electrons is based on the column (up and down) the element is in • electronegativity: the inward pull by the protons in the nucleus on the electron cloud o smaller molecules are typically more electronegative- it takes less effort from the nucleus to pull on a smaller electron cloud

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For each of the following pairs, indicate which species is larger. Explain your