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The simplest alcohol, methanol, is prepared industrially by the hydrogenation of

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781439049402 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste ISBN: 9781439049402 426

Solution for problem 106 Chapter 20

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781439049402 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation | 7th Edition

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Problem 106

The simplest alcohol, methanol, is prepared industrially by the hydrogenation of .

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Crown Ethers ­solvated cation, so nucleophilic strength of anion increases ­F becomes good nucleophile with this:extracts other halide SN2 SN1 CH3X>1>2 3>2 Strong nucleophile Weak nucleophilic solvent Polar aprotic solvent Polar protic solvent rate=k[alkyl halide][Nuc:] rate=k[alkyl halide] Inversion chiral C racemization No rearrangements Rearranged products Substitution vs. elimination ­ SN2 favor E2 ­ SN1 favor E1 ­ Sn1 contained with E1 vice versa ­ Presence of heat elimination, absence substit

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 20, Problem 106 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Edition: 7
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
ISBN: 9781439049402

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The simplest alcohol, methanol, is prepared industrially by the hydrogenation of