Transform the nth-order equation y(n) = a0 y + a1 y_ + +an1 y(n1) into a system of first-order equations by setting y1 = y and yj = y_ j1 for j = 2, . . . , n. Determine the characteristic polynomial of the coefficient matrix of this system.

Introduction to Vectors Part 1 Saadiq Shaik September 2016 1 Cartesian Coordinates in Space A vector is de▯ned as a quantity with both a magnitude and direction. We will be dealing with vectors in three dimensional space, so familiarize yourself with the three dimensional coordinate system. The coordinate planes are the xy-plane, yz-plane,...