What is land-use planning? What is zoning and what are its limitations? What is smart growth? List five tools used to promote smart growth. Describe strategies used by the U.S. city of Portland, Oregon, to help control urban sprawl and reduce dependence on automobiles. What are three ways to preserve open spaces around a city?
Exam 1 Study Guide These are the textbook objectives in bold that I emphasize in the course. You should be able to answer them on an exam and apply them to everyday life. Chapter 1: An Introduction to Biology 1.1 Principles of Biology and the Levels of Biological Organization 1. Describe the principles of biology. 2. Explain how life can be viewed at different levels of biological complexity. 1.2 Unity and Diversity of Life 1. Explain the two basic mechanisms by which evolutionary change occurs: vertical descent with mutation and horizontal gene transfer. 2. Outline how organisms are classified (taxonomy). 3. Describe how changes in genomes and proteomes underlie evolutionary changes. 1.3 Biology as a S