Can you think of an experiment to verify length contractiondirectly? Explain.
Intro to Philosophy Notes 8/29/16 - 9/2/16 Class Notes 8/29/16: - Confucius lived in China from (551-479) - Li: The rules of propriety. - Ren: Virtue - Yi: Righteousness; doing the right things for the right reasons - All of these are independent. None of them reduce down to each other as in Western philosophy. - Zhong: altruism; likening-to-oneself - Dao: the right way to live - Confucius intends his theory to be independent of any theory of human nature. Instead, he speaks about what we can affect and what qualities arise form nurture, not nature. - Later, his followers filled in this gap. - Mencius: argues that people are naturally “good”; He claims that virtue is innate and based on feelings. He uses the well example: if you see a child fall into a well, you immediately rush to help him. He also claims that commiseration (Ren), shame and dislike (Yi), modesty and complaisance (Li), and approval and disapproval (knowledge) are essential to men. He encourages people to seek the cause of their failures in themselves and to preserve their child heart. He believes that virtue is easy to achieve. - Xunzi (310-212): argues that people are naturally “evil”. He claims that humans must work hard to be good. He believes that self-interest, desire for personal gain, envy, and dislike are innate, while self-denial, yielding to others, faith, and propriety are lacking. He claims that human nature must be submitted to teachers and laws. We have the capacity to be virtuous, but it requires training,