Imagine substituting, in turn, each hydrogen atom of 3-methylpentane with a chlorine atom to give a series of isomers with molecular formula C6H13Cl. Give the structure of each of these isomers. Which of these are chiral? Classify the relationship of each stereoisomer with every other
Chlorination of 3-methylpentane with a chlorine atom gives a series of isomers includingstereoisomers. Free radical chlorination will occur in the presence of UV light or veryhigh temperatures.There are 4 constitutional isomers, in which two are chiral. The structure of the 4constitutional isomers are:The stereoisomers are:1-Chloro-3-methyl pentane is chiral. In 1-chloro-3-methyl pentane, there is only oneasymmetric center and so the number of stereoisomers is 2. This is because the formula nfor the number of stereoisomers is 2 where’n’ is the number of asymmetric centers.Therefore, two structures from this isomer.2-Chloro-3-methyl pentane is chiral. In 2-chloro-3-methyl pentane, there are twoasymmetric centers and so the number of stereoisomers is 4. Therefore, four structuresfrom this isomer.3-Chloro-3-methyl pentane is not chiral.3-(Chloromethyl) pentane is not chiral.The major product in the reaction is 3-chloro-3-methyl pentane as the chlorination occursat the most substituted center.