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Solutions for Chapter 4: Chemical Quantities and Aqueous Reactions

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 4: Chemical Quantities and Aqueous Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

Summary of Chapter 4: Chemical Quantities and Aqueous Reactions

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3. Chapter 4: Chemical Quantities and Aqueous Reactions includes 454 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. Since 454 problems in chapter 4: Chemical Quantities and Aqueous Reactions have been answered, more than 1248426 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acyl group

    The term describing a carbonyl group (CRO bond) connected to an alkyl group or aryl group.

  • Aromatic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one or more aryl groups.

  • aromatic hydrocarbon.

    A hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings. (24.1)

  • autoionization

    The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)

  • cell voltage.

    Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)

  • chemical formula

    A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)

  • diborane

    B2H6. A dimeric structure formed when one borane molecule reacts with another.

  • ether

    A compound in which two hydrocarbon groups are bonded to one oxygen. (Section 24.4)

  • fibers

    Strands of a polymer that are generated when the polymer is heated, forced through small holes, and then cooled.

  • Fischer esterification

    A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • Glycosidic bond

    The bond from the anomeric carbon of a glycoside to an !OR group

  • Imine

    A compound containing a carbon-nitrogen double bond, R2C"NR’; also called a Schiff base

  • linkage isomers

    Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)

  • liquid

    Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape. (Section 1.2)

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • Nitrogen rule

    A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio

  • oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction

    A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.

  • standard atomic weight

    The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.

  • trivalent

    An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.