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Solutions for Chapter 4: Synthesizing Sources Entering the Conversation

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 4: Synthesizing Sources Entering the Conversation

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3. Chapter 4: Synthesizing Sources Entering the Conversation includes 456 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. Since 456 problems in chapter 4: Synthesizing Sources Entering the Conversation have been answered, more than 379430 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic cleavage

    A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.

  • alkylation

    A reaction that achieves the installation of an alkyl group. For example, an SN2 reaction in which an alkyl group is connected to an attacking nucleophile.

  • atmospheric pressure.

    The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)

  • chemical shift (d)

    In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).

  • desalination

    The removal of salts from seawater, brine, or brackish water to make it fit for human consumption. (Section 18.4)

  • Electrophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring

  • enolate

    The resonance-stabilized conjugate base of a ketone, aldehyde, or ester.

  • estrogens

    Female sex hormones.

  • exothermic

    Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).

  • hydrogen bonding

    Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)

  • ionic hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with alkali metals and also the heavier alkaline earths (Ca, Sr, and Ba); these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)

  • levorotatory, or merely levo or l

    A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the left (counterclockwise). (Section 24.4)

  • nonelectrolyte

    A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • Phospholipid

    A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.

  • potential energy

    The energy that an object possesses as a result of its composition or its position with respect to another object. (Section 5.1)

  • precipitation reaction

    A reaction that occurs between substances in solution in which one of the products is insoluble. (Section 4.2)

  • Thermoset plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.

  • Transfer RNA (tRNA

    A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes

  • triglyceride

    A triester formed from glycerol and three long-chain carboxylic acids.

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